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Introduction
************

This manual documents the usage of libgomp, the GNU implementation of
the OpenMP (http://www.openmp.org) Application Programming Interface
(API) for multi-platform shared-memory parallel programming in C/C++
and Fortran.

* Menu:

* Enabling OpenMP::            How to enable OpenMP for your applications.
* Runtime Library Routines::   The OpenMP runtime application programming
                               interface.
* Environment Variables::      Influencing runtime behavior with environment
                               variables.
* The libgomp ABI::            Notes on the external ABI presented by libgomp.
* Reporting Bugs::             How to report bugs in GNU OpenMP.
* Copying::                    GNU general public license says
                               how you can copy and share libgomp.
* GNU Free Documentation License::
                               How you can copy and share this manual.
* Funding::                    How to help assure continued work for free
                               software.
* Index::                      Index of this documentation.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: Enabling OpenMP,  Next: Runtime Library Routines,  Prev: Top,  Up: Top

1 Enabling OpenMP
*****************

To activate the OpenMP extensions for C/C++ and Fortran, the
compile-time flag `-fopenmp' must be specified. This enables the OpenMP
directive `#pragma omp' in C/C++ and `!$omp' directives in free form,
`c$omp', `*$omp' and `!$omp' directives in fixed form, `!$' conditional
compilation sentinels in free form and `c$', `*$' and `!$' sentinels in
fixed form, for Fortran. The flag also arranges for automatic linking
of the OpenMP runtime library (*note Runtime Library Routines::).

   A complete description of all OpenMP directives accepted may be
found in the OpenMP Application Program Interface
(http://www.openmp.org) manual, version 3.0.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: Runtime Library Routines,  Next: Environment Variables,  Prev: Enabling OpenMP,  Up: Top

2 Runtime Library Routines
**************************

The runtime routines described here are defined by section 3 of the
OpenMP specifications in version 3.0. The routines are structured in
following three parts:

   Control threads, processors and the parallel environment.

* Menu:

* omp_get_active_level::        Number of active parallel regions
* omp_get_ancestor_thread_num:: Ancestor thread ID
* omp_get_dynamic::             Dynamic teams setting
* omp_get_level::               Number of parallel regions
* omp_get_max_active_levels::   Maximal number of active regions
* omp_get_max_threads::         Maximal number of threads of parallel region
* omp_get_nested::              Nested parallel regions
* omp_get_num_procs::           Number of processors online
* omp_get_num_threads::         Size of the active team
* omp_get_schedule::            Obtain the runtime scheduling method
* omp_get_team_size::           Number of threads in a team
* omp_get_thread_limit::        Maximal number of threads
* omp_get_thread_num::          Current thread ID
* omp_in_parallel::             Whether a parallel region is active
* omp_set_dynamic::             Enable/disable dynamic teams
* omp_set_max_active_levels::   Limits the number of active parallel regions
* omp_set_nested::              Enable/disable nested parallel regions
* omp_set_num_threads::         Set upper team size limit
* omp_set_schedule::            Set the runtime scheduling method

   Initialize, set, test, unset and destroy simple and nested locks.

* Menu:

* omp_init_lock::            Initialize simple lock
* omp_set_lock::             Wait for and set simple lock
* omp_test_lock::            Test and set simple lock if available
* omp_unset_lock::           Unset simple lock
* omp_destroy_lock::         Destroy simple lock
* omp_init_nest_lock::       Initialize nested lock
* omp_set_nest_lock::        Wait for and set simple lock
* omp_test_nest_lock::       Test and set nested lock if available
* omp_unset_nest_lock::      Unset nested lock
* omp_destroy_nest_lock::    Destroy nested lock

   Portable, thread-based, wall clock timer.

* Menu:

* omp_get_wtick::            Get timer precision.
* omp_get_wtime::            Elapsed wall clock time.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_get_active_level,  Next: omp_get_ancestor_thread_num,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.1 `omp_get_active_level' - Number of parallel regions
=======================================================

_Description_:
     This function returns the nesting level for the active parallel
     blocks, which enclose the calling call.

_C/C++_
     _Prototype_:  `int omp_get_active_level();'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `integer omp_get_active_level()'

_See also_:
     *note omp_get_level::, *note omp_get_max_active_levels::, *note
     omp_set_max_active_levels::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section
     3.2.19.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_get_ancestor_thread_num,  Next: omp_get_dynamic,  Prev: omp_get_active_level,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.2 `omp_get_ancestor_thread_num' - Ancestor thread ID
======================================================

_Description_:
     This function returns the thread identification number for the
     given nesting level of the current thread. For values of LEVEL
     outside zero to `omp_get_level' -1 is returned; if LEVEL is
     `omp_get_level' the result is identical to `omp_get_thread_num'.

_C/C++_
     _Prototype_:  `int omp_get_ancestor_thread_num(int level);'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `integer omp_ancestor_thread_num(level)'
                   `integer level'

_See also_:
     *note omp_get_level::, *note omp_get_thread_num::, *note
     omp_get_team_size::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section
     3.2.17.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_get_dynamic,  Next: omp_get_level,  Prev: omp_get_ancestor_thread_num,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.3 `omp_get_dynamic' - Dynamic teams setting
=============================================

_Description_:
     This function returns `true' if enabled, `false' otherwise.  Here,
     `true' and `false' represent their language-specific counterparts.

     The dynamic team setting may be initialized at startup by the
     `OMP_DYNAMIC' environment variable or at runtime using
     `omp_set_dynamic'. If undefined, dynamic adjustment is disabled by
     default.

_C/C++_:
     _Prototype_:  `int omp_get_dynamic();'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `logical function omp_get_dynamic()'

_See also_:
     *note omp_set_dynamic::, *note OMP_DYNAMIC::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section 3.2.8.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_get_level,  Next: omp_get_max_active_levels,  Prev: omp_get_dynamic,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.4 `omp_get_level' - Obtain the current nesting level
======================================================

_Description_:
     This function returns the nesting level for the parallel blocks,
     which enclose the calling call.

_C/C++_
     _Prototype_:  `int omp_get level();'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `integer omp_level()'

_See also_:
     *note omp_get_active_level::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section
     3.2.16.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_get_max_active_levels,  Next: omp_get_max_threads,  Prev: omp_get_level,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.5 `omp_set_max_active_levels' - Maximal number of active regions
==================================================================

_Description_:
     This function obtains the maximally allowed number of nested,
     active parallel regions.

_C/C++_
     _Prototype_:  `int omp_get_max_active_levels();'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `int omp_get_max_active_levels()'

_See also_:
     *note omp_set_max_active_levels::, *note omp_get_active_level::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section
     3.2.14.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_get_max_threads,  Next: omp_get_nested,  Prev: omp_get_max_active_levels,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.6 `omp_get_max_threads' - Maximal number of threads of parallel region
========================================================================

_Description_:
     Return the maximal number of threads used for the current parallel
     region that does not use the clause `num_threads'.

_C/C++_:
     _Prototype_:  `int omp_get_max_threads();'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `integer function omp_get_max_threads()'

_See also_:
     *note omp_set_num_threads::, *note omp_set_dynamic::, *note
     omp_get_thread_limit::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section 3.2.3.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_get_nested,  Next: omp_get_num_procs,  Prev: omp_get_max_threads,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.7 `omp_get_nested' - Nested parallel regions
==============================================

_Description_:
     This function returns `true' if nested parallel regions are
     enabled, `false' otherwise. Here, `true' and `false' represent
     their language-specific counterparts.

     Nested parallel regions may be initialized at startup by the
     `OMP_NESTED' environment variable or at runtime using
     `omp_set_nested'. If undefined, nested parallel regions are
     disabled by default.

_C/C++_:
     _Prototype_:  `int omp_get_nested();'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `integer function omp_get_nested()'

_See also_:
     *note omp_set_nested::, *note OMP_NESTED::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section
     3.2.10.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_get_num_procs,  Next: omp_get_num_threads,  Prev: omp_get_nested,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.8 `omp_get_num_procs' - Number of processors online
=====================================================

_Description_:
     Returns the number of processors online.

_C/C++_:
     _Prototype_:  `int omp_get_num_procs();'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `integer function omp_get_num_procs()'

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section 3.2.5.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_get_num_threads,  Next: omp_get_schedule,  Prev: omp_get_num_procs,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.9 `omp_get_num_threads' - Size of the active team
===================================================

_Description_:
     The number of threads in the current team. In a sequential section
     of the program `omp_get_num_threads' returns 1.

     The default team size may be initialized at startup by the
     `OMP_NUM_THREADS' environment variable. At runtime, the size of
     the current team may be set either by the `NUM_THREADS' clause or
     by `omp_set_num_threads'. If none of the above were used to define
     a specific value and `OMP_DYNAMIC' is disabled, one thread per CPU
     online is used.

_C/C++_:
     _Prototype_:  `int omp_get_num_threads();'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `integer function omp_get_num_threads()'

_See also_:
     *note omp_get_max_threads::, *note omp_set_num_threads::, *note
     OMP_NUM_THREADS::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section 3.2.2.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_get_schedule,  Next: omp_get_team_size,  Prev: omp_get_num_threads,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.10 `omp_get_schedule' - Obtain the runtime scheduling method
==============================================================

_Description_:
     Obtain runtime the scheduling method. The KIND argument will be
     set to the value `omp_sched_static', `omp_sched_dynamic',
     `opm_sched_guided' or `auto'. The second argument, MODIFIER, is
     set to the chunk size.

_C/C++_
     _Prototype_:  `omp_schedule(omp_sched_t * kind, int *modifier);'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `subroutine omp_schedule(kind, modifier)'
                   `integer(kind=omp_sched_kind) kind'
                   `integer modifier'

_See also_:
     *note omp_set_schedule::, *note OMP_SCHEDULE::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section
     3.2.12.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_get_team_size,  Next: omp_get_thread_limit,  Prev: omp_get_schedule,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.11 `omp_get_team_size' - Number of threads in a team
======================================================

_Description_:
     This function returns the number of threads in a thread team to
     which either the current thread or its ancestor belongs. For
     values of LEVEL outside zero to `omp_get_level' -1 is returned; if
     LEVEL is zero 1 is returned and for `omp_get_level' the result is
     identical to `omp_get_num_threads'.

_C/C++_:
     _Prototype_:  `int omp_get_time_size(int level);'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `integer function omp_get_team_size(level)'
                   `integer level'

_See also_:
     *note omp_get_num_threads::, *note omp_get_level::, *note
     omp_get_ancestor_thread_num::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section
     3.2.18.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_get_thread_limit,  Next: omp_get_thread_num,  Prev: omp_get_team_size,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.12 `omp_get_thread_limit' - Maximal number of threads
=======================================================

_Description_:
     Return the maximal number of threads of the program.

_C/C++_:
     _Prototype_:  `int omp_get_thread_limit();'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `integer function omp_get_thread_limit()'

_See also_:
     *note omp_get_max_threads::, *note OMP_THREAD_LIMIT::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section
     3.2.13.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_get_thread_num,  Next: omp_in_parallel,  Prev: omp_get_thread_limit,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.13 `omp_get_thread_num' - Current thread ID
=============================================

_Description_:
     Unique thread identification number within the current team.  In a
     sequential parts of the program, `omp_get_thread_num' always
     returns 0. In parallel regions the return value varies from 0 to
     `omp_get_num_threads'-1 inclusive. The return value of the master
     thread of a team is always 0.

_C/C++_:
     _Prototype_:  `int omp_get_thread_num();'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `integer function omp_get_thread_num()'

_See also_:
     *note omp_get_num_threads::, *note omp_get_ancestor_thread_num::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section 3.2.4.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_in_parallel,  Next: omp_set_dynamic,  Prev: omp_get_thread_num,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.14 `omp_in_parallel' - Whether a parallel region is active
============================================================

_Description_:
     This function returns `true' if currently running in parallel,
     `false' otherwise. Here, `true' and `false' represent their
     language-specific counterparts.

_C/C++_:
     _Prototype_:  `int omp_in_parallel();'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `logical function omp_in_parallel()'

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section 3.2.6.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_set_dynamic,  Next: omp_set_max_active_levels,  Prev: omp_in_parallel,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.15 `omp_set_dynamic' - Enable/disable dynamic teams
=====================================================

_Description_:
     Enable or disable the dynamic adjustment of the number of threads
     within a team. The function takes the language-specific equivalent
     of `true' and `false', where `true' enables dynamic adjustment of
     team sizes and `false' disables it.

_C/C++_:
     _Prototype_:  `void omp_set_dynamic(int);'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `subroutine omp_set_dynamic(set)'
                   `integer, intent(in) :: set'

_See also_:
     *note OMP_DYNAMIC::, *note omp_get_dynamic::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section 3.2.7.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_set_max_active_levels,  Next: omp_set_nested,  Prev: omp_set_dynamic,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.16 `omp_set_max_active_levels' - Limits the number of active parallel regions
===============================================================================

_Description_:
     This function limits the maximally allowed number of nested,
     active parallel regions.

_C/C++_
     _Prototype_:  `omp_set_max_active_levels(int max_levels);'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `omp_max_active_levels(max_levels)'
                   `integer max_levels'

_See also_:
     *note omp_get_max_active_levels::, *note omp_get_active_level::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section
     3.2.14.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_set_nested,  Next: omp_set_num_threads,  Prev: omp_set_max_active_levels,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.17 `omp_set_nested' - Enable/disable nested parallel regions
==============================================================

_Description_:
     Enable or disable nested parallel regions, i.e., whether team
     members are allowed to create new teams. The function takes the
     language-specific equivalent of `true' and `false', where `true'
     enables dynamic adjustment of team sizes and `false' disables it.

_C/C++_:
     _Prototype_:  `void omp_set_dynamic(int);'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `subroutine omp_set_dynamic(set)'
                   `integer, intent(in) :: set'

_See also_:
     *note OMP_NESTED::, *note omp_get_nested::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section 3.2.9.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_set_num_threads,  Next: omp_set_schedule,  Prev: omp_set_nested,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.18 `omp_set_num_threads' - Set upper team size limit
======================================================

_Description_:
     Specifies the number of threads used by default in subsequent
     parallel sections, if those do not specify a `num_threads' clause.
     The argument of `omp_set_num_threads' shall be a positive integer.

_C/C++_:
     _Prototype_:  `void omp_set_num_threads(int);'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `subroutine omp_set_num_threads(set)'
                   `integer, intent(in) :: set'

_See also_:
     *note OMP_NUM_THREADS::, *note omp_get_num_threads::, *note
     omp_get_max_threads::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section 3.2.1.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_set_schedule,  Next: omp_init_lock,  Prev: omp_set_num_threads,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.19 `omp_set_schedule' - Set the runtime scheduling method
===========================================================

_Description_:
     Sets the runtime scheduling method. The KIND argument can have the
     value `omp_sched_static', `omp_sched_dynamic', `opm_sched_guided'
     or `omp_sched_auto'. Except for `omp_sched_auto', the chunk size
     is set to the value of MODIFIER if positive or to the default
     value if zero or negative.  For `omp_sched_auto' the MODIFIER
     argument is ignored.

_C/C++_
     _Prototype_:  `int omp_schedule(omp_sched_t * kind, int *modifier);'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `subroutine omp_schedule(kind, modifier)'
                   `integer(kind=omp_sched_kind) kind'
                   `integer modifier'

_See also_:
     *note omp_get_schedule:: *note OMP_SCHEDULE::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section
     3.2.11.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_init_lock,  Next: omp_set_lock,  Prev: omp_set_schedule,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.20 `omp_init_lock' - Initialize simple lock
=============================================

_Description_:
     Initialize a simple lock. After initialization, the lock is in an
     unlocked state.

_C/C++_:
     _Prototype_:  `void omp_init_lock(omp_lock_t *lock);'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `subroutine omp_init_lock(lock)'
                   `integer(omp_lock_kind), intent(out) :: lock'

_See also_:
     *note omp_destroy_lock::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section 3.3.1.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_set_lock,  Next: omp_test_lock,  Prev: omp_init_lock,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.21 `omp_set_lock' - Wait for and set simple lock
==================================================

_Description_:
     Before setting a simple lock, the lock variable must be
     initialized by `omp_init_lock'. The calling thread is blocked
     until the lock is available. If the lock is already held by the
     current thread, a deadlock occurs.

_C/C++_:
     _Prototype_:  `void omp_set_lock(omp_lock_t *lock);'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `subroutine omp_set_lock(lock)'
                   `integer(omp_lock_kind), intent(out) :: lock'

_See also_:
     *note omp_init_lock::, *note omp_test_lock::, *note
     omp_unset_lock::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section 3.3.3.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_test_lock,  Next: omp_unset_lock,  Prev: omp_set_lock,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.22 `omp_test_lock' - Test and set simple lock if available
============================================================

_Description_:
     Before setting a simple lock, the lock variable must be
     initialized by `omp_init_lock'. Contrary to `omp_set_lock',
     `omp_test_lock' does not block if the lock is not available. This
     function returns `true' upon success, `false' otherwise. Here,
     `true' and `false' represent their language-specific counterparts.

_C/C++_:
     _Prototype_:  `int omp_test_lock(omp_lock_t *lock);'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `subroutine omp_test_lock(lock)'
                   `logical(omp_logical_kind) :: omp_test_lock'
                   `integer(omp_lock_kind), intent(out) :: lock'

_See also_:
     *note omp_init_lock::, *note omp_set_lock::, *note omp_set_lock::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section 3.3.5.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_unset_lock,  Next: omp_destroy_lock,  Prev: omp_test_lock,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.23 `omp_unset_lock' - Unset simple lock
=========================================

_Description_:
     A simple lock about to be unset must have been locked by
     `omp_set_lock' or `omp_test_lock' before. In addition, the lock
     must be held by the thread calling `omp_unset_lock'. Then, the
     lock becomes unlocked. If one ore more threads attempted to set
     the lock before, one of them is chosen to, again, set the lock for
     itself.

_C/C++_:
     _Prototype_:  `void omp_unset_lock(omp_lock_t *lock);'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `subroutine omp_unset_lock(lock)'
                   `integer(omp_lock_kind), intent(out) :: lock'

_See also_:
     *note omp_set_lock::, *note omp_test_lock::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section 3.3.4.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_destroy_lock,  Next: omp_init_nest_lock,  Prev: omp_unset_lock,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.24 `omp_destroy_lock' - Destroy simple lock
=============================================

_Description_:
     Destroy a simple lock. In order to be destroyed, a simple lock
     must be in the unlocked state.

_C/C++_:
     _Prototype_:  `void omp_destroy_lock(omp_lock_t *);'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `subroutine omp_destroy_lock(lock)'
                   `integer(omp_lock_kind), intent(inout) :: lock'

_See also_:
     *note omp_init_lock::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section 3.3.2.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_init_nest_lock,  Next: omp_set_nest_lock,  Prev: omp_destroy_lock,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.25 `omp_init_nest_lock' - Initialize nested lock
==================================================

_Description_:
     Initialize a nested lock. After initialization, the lock is in an
     unlocked state and the nesting count is set to zero.

_C/C++_:
     _Prototype_:  `void omp_init_nest_lock(omp_nest_lock_t *lock);'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `subroutine omp_init_nest_lock(lock)'
                   `integer(omp_nest_lock_kind), intent(out) :: lock'

_See also_:
     *note omp_destroy_nest_lock::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section 3.3.1.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_set_nest_lock,  Next: omp_test_nest_lock,  Prev: omp_init_nest_lock,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.26 `omp_set_nest_lock' - Wait for and set simple lock
=======================================================

_Description_:
     Before setting a nested lock, the lock variable must be
     initialized by `omp_init_nest_lock'. The calling thread is blocked
     until the lock is available. If the lock is already held by the
     current thread, the nesting count for the lock in incremented.

_C/C++_:
     _Prototype_:  `void omp_set_nest_lock(omp_nest_lock_t *lock);'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `subroutine omp_set_nest_lock(lock)'
                   `integer(omp_nest_lock_kind), intent(out) :: lock'

_See also_:
     *note omp_init_nest_lock::, *note omp_unset_nest_lock::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section 3.3.3.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_test_nest_lock,  Next: omp_unset_nest_lock,  Prev: omp_set_nest_lock,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.27 `omp_test_nest_lock' - Test and set nested lock if available
=================================================================

_Description_:
     Before setting a nested lock, the lock variable must be
     initialized by `omp_init_nest_lock'. Contrary to
     `omp_set_nest_lock', `omp_test_nest_lock' does not block if the
     lock is not available.  If the lock is already held by the current
     thread, the new nesting count is returned. Otherwise, the return
     value equals zero.

_C/C++_:
     _Prototype_:  `int omp_test_nest_lock(omp_nest_lock_t *lock);'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `integer function omp_test_nest_lock(lock)'
                   `integer(omp_integer_kind) :: omp_test_nest_lock'
                   `integer(omp_nest_lock_kind), intent(inout) :: lock'

_See also_:
     *note omp_init_lock::, *note omp_set_lock::, *note omp_set_lock::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section 3.3.5.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_unset_nest_lock,  Next: omp_destroy_nest_lock,  Prev: omp_test_nest_lock,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.28 `omp_unset_nest_lock' - Unset nested lock
==============================================

_Description_:
     A nested lock about to be unset must have been locked by
     `omp_set_nested_lock' or `omp_test_nested_lock' before. In
     addition, the lock must be held by the thread calling
     `omp_unset_nested_lock'. If the nesting count drops to zero, the
     lock becomes unlocked. If one ore more threads attempted to set
     the lock before, one of them is chosen to, again, set the lock for
     itself.

_C/C++_:
     _Prototype_:  `void omp_unset_nest_lock(omp_nest_lock_t *lock);'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `subroutine omp_unset_nest_lock(lock)'
                   `integer(omp_nest_lock_kind), intent(out) :: lock'

_See also_:
     *note omp_set_nest_lock::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section 3.3.4.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_destroy_nest_lock,  Next: omp_get_wtick,  Prev: omp_unset_nest_lock,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.29 `omp_destroy_nest_lock' - Destroy nested lock
==================================================

_Description_:
     Destroy a nested lock. In order to be destroyed, a nested lock
     must be in the unlocked state and its nesting count must equal
     zero.

_C/C++_:
     _Prototype_:  `void omp_destroy_nest_lock(omp_nest_lock_t *);'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `subroutine omp_destroy_nest_lock(lock)'
                   `integer(omp_nest_lock_kind), intent(inout) :: lock'

_See also_:
     *note omp_init_lock::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section 3.3.2.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_get_wtick,  Next: omp_get_wtime,  Prev: omp_destroy_nest_lock,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.30 `omp_get_wtick' - Get timer precision
==========================================

_Description_:
     Gets the timer precision, i.e., the number of seconds between two
     successive clock ticks.

_C/C++_:
     _Prototype_:  `double omp_get_wtick();'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `double precision function omp_get_wtick()'

_See also_:
     *note omp_get_wtime::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section 3.4.2.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: omp_get_wtime,  Prev: omp_get_wtick,  Up: Runtime Library Routines

2.31 `omp_get_wtime' - Elapsed wall clock time
==============================================

_Description_:
     Elapsed wall clock time in seconds. The time is measured per
     thread, no guarantee can bee made that two distinct threads
     measure the same time.  Time is measured from some "time in the
     past". On POSIX compliant systems the seconds since the Epoch
     (00:00:00 UTC, January 1, 1970) are returned.

_C/C++_:
     _Prototype_:  `double omp_get_wtime();'

_Fortran_:
     _Interface_:  `double precision function omp_get_wtime()'

_See also_:
     *note omp_get_wtick::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section 3.4.1.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: Environment Variables,  Next: The libgomp ABI,  Prev: Runtime Library Routines,  Up: Top

3 Environment Variables
***********************

The variables `OMP_DYNAMIC', `OMP_MAX_ACTIVE_LEVELS', `OMP_NESTED',
`OMP_NUM_THREADS', `OMP_SCHEDULE', `OMP_STACKSIZE',`OMP_THREAD_LIMIT'
and `OMP_WAIT_POLICY' are defined by section 4 of the OpenMP
specifications in version 3.0, while `GOMP_CPU_AFFINITY' and
`GOMP_STACKSIZE' are GNU extensions.

* Menu:

* OMP_DYNAMIC::           Dynamic adjustment of threads
* OMP_MAX_ACTIVE_LEVELS:: Set the maximal number of nested parallel regions
* OMP_NESTED::            Nested parallel regions
* OMP_NUM_THREADS::       Specifies the number of threads to use
* OMP_STACKSIZE::         Set default thread stack size
* OMP_SCHEDULE::          How threads are scheduled
* OMP_THREAD_LIMIT::      Set the maximal number of threads
* OMP_WAIT_POLICY::       How waiting threads are handled
* GOMP_CPU_AFFINITY::     Bind threads to specific CPUs
* GOMP_STACKSIZE::        Set default thread stack size

File: libgomp.info,  Node: OMP_DYNAMIC,  Next: OMP_MAX_ACTIVE_LEVELS,  Up: Environment Variables

3.1 `OMP_DYNAMIC' - Dynamic adjustment of threads
=================================================

_Description_:
     Enable or disable the dynamic adjustment of the number of threads
     within a team. The value of this environment variable shall be
     `TRUE' or `FALSE'. If undefined, dynamic adjustment is disabled by
     default.

_See also_:
     *note omp_set_dynamic::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section 4.3

File: libgomp.info,  Node: OMP_MAX_ACTIVE_LEVELS,  Next: OMP_NESTED,  Prev: OMP_DYNAMIC,  Up: Environment Variables

3.2 `OMP_MAX_ACTIVE_LEVELS' - Set the maximal number of nested parallel regions
===============================================================================

_Description_:
     Specifies the initial value for the maximal number of nested
     parallel regions. The value of this variable shall be positive
     integer.  If undefined, the number of active levels is unlimited.

_See also_:
     *note omp_set_max_active_levels::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section 4.7

File: libgomp.info,  Node: OMP_NESTED,  Next: OMP_NUM_THREADS,  Prev: OMP_MAX_ACTIVE_LEVELS,  Up: Environment Variables

3.3 `OMP_NESTED' - Nested parallel regions
==========================================

_Description_:
     Enable or disable nested parallel regions, i.e., whether team
     members are allowed to create new teams. The value of this
     environment variable shall be `TRUE' or `FALSE'. If undefined,
     nested parallel regions are disabled by default.

_See also_:
     *note omp_set_nested::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section 4.4

File: libgomp.info,  Node: OMP_NUM_THREADS,  Next: OMP_STACKSIZE,  Prev: OMP_NESTED,  Up: Environment Variables

3.4 `OMP_NUM_THREADS' - Specifies the number of threads to use
==============================================================

_Description_:
     Specifies the default number of threads to use in parallel
     regions. The value of this variable shall be positive integer. If
     undefined one thread per CPU online is used.

_See also_:
     *note omp_set_num_threads::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section 4.2

File: libgomp.info,  Node: OMP_STACKSIZE,  Next: OMP_SCHEDULE,  Prev: OMP_NUM_THREADS,  Up: Environment Variables

3.6 `OMP_STACKSIZE' - Set default thread stack size
===================================================

_Description_:
     Set the default thread stack size in kilobytes, unless the number
     is suffixed by `B', `K', `M' or `G', in which case the size is,
     respectively, in bytes, kilobytes, megabytes or gigabytes. This is
     different from `pthread_attr_setstacksize' which gets the number
     of bytes as an argument. If the stacksize can not be set due to
     system constraints, an error is reported and the initial stacksize
     is left unchanged. If undefined, the stack size is system
     dependent.

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), sections 4.5

File: libgomp.info,  Node: OMP_SCHEDULE,  Next: OMP_THREAD_LIMIT,  Prev: OMP_STACKSIZE,  Up: Environment Variables

3.5 `OMP_SCHEDULE' - How threads are scheduled
==============================================

_Description_:
     Allows to specify `schedule type' and `chunk size'.  The value of
     the variable shall have the form: `type[,chunk]' where `type' is
     one of `static', `dynamic', `guided' or `auto' The optional
     `chunk' size shall be a positive integer. If undefined, dynamic
     scheduling and a chunk size of 1 is used.

_See also_:
     *note omp_set_schedule::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), sections
     2.5.1 and 4.1

File: libgomp.info,  Node: OMP_THREAD_LIMIT,  Next: OMP_WAIT_POLICY,  Prev: OMP_SCHEDULE,  Up: Environment Variables

3.7 `OMP_THREAD_LIMIT' - Set the maximal number of threads
==========================================================

_Description_:
     Specifies the number of threads to use for the whole program. The
     value of this variable shall be positive integer. If undefined,
     the number of threads is not limited.

_See also_:
     *note OMP_NUM_THREADS:: *note omp_get_thread_limit::

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), section 4.8

File: libgomp.info,  Node: OMP_WAIT_POLICY,  Next: GOMP_CPU_AFFINITY,  Prev: OMP_THREAD_LIMIT,  Up: Environment Variables

3.8 `OMP_WAIT_POLICY' - How waiting threads are handled
=======================================================

_Description_:
     Specifies whether waiting threads should be active or passive. If
     the value is `PASSIVE', waiting threads should not consume CPU
     power while waiting; while the value is `ACTIVE' specifies that
     they should.

_Reference_:
     OpenMP specifications v3.0 (http://www.openmp.org/), sections 4.6

File: libgomp.info,  Node: GOMP_CPU_AFFINITY,  Next: GOMP_STACKSIZE,  Prev: OMP_WAIT_POLICY,  Up: Environment Variables

3.9 `GOMP_CPU_AFFINITY' - Bind threads to specific CPUs
=======================================================

_Description_:
     Binds threads to specific CPUs. The variable should contain a
     space- or comma-separated list of CPUs. This list may contain
     different kind of entries: either single CPU numbers in any order,
     a range of CPUs (M-N) or a range with some stride (M-N:S). CPU
     numbers are zero based. For example, `GOMP_CPU_AFFINITY="0 3 1-2
     4-15:2"' will bind the initial thread to CPU 0, the second to CPU
     3, the third to CPU 1, the fourth to CPU 2, the fifth to CPU 4,
     the sixth through tenth to CPUs 6, 8, 10, 12, and 14 respectively
     and then start assigning back from the beginning of the list.
     `GOMP_CPU_AFFINITY=0' binds all threads to CPU 0.

     There is no GNU OpenMP library routine to determine whether a CPU
     affinity specification is in effect. As a workaround,
     language-specific library functions, e.g., `getenv' in C or
     `GET_ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLE' in Fortran, may be used to query the
     setting of the `GOMP_CPU_AFFINITY' environment variable. A defined
     CPU affinity on startup cannot be changed or disabled during the
     runtime of the application.

     If this environment variable is omitted, the host system will
     handle the assignment of threads to CPUs.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: GOMP_STACKSIZE,  Prev: GOMP_CPU_AFFINITY,  Up: Environment Variables

3.10 `GOMP_STACKSIZE' - Set default thread stack size
=====================================================

_Description_:
     Set the default thread stack size in kilobytes. This is different
     from `pthread_attr_setstacksize' which gets the number of bytes as
     an argument. If the stacksize can not be set due to system
     constraints, an error is reported and the initial stacksize is
     left unchanged. If undefined, the stack size is system dependent.

_See also_:
     *note GOMP_STACKSIZE::

_Reference_:
     GCC Patches Mailinglist
     (http://gcc.gnu.org/ml/gcc-patches/2006-06/msg00493.html), GCC
     Patches Mailinglist
     (http://gcc.gnu.org/ml/gcc-patches/2006-06/msg00496.html)

File: libgomp.info,  Node: The libgomp ABI,  Next: Reporting Bugs,  Prev: Environment Variables,  Up: Top

4 The libgomp ABI
*****************

The following sections present notes on the external ABI as presented
by libgomp. Only maintainers should need them.

* Menu:

* Implementing MASTER construct::
* Implementing CRITICAL construct::
* Implementing ATOMIC construct::
* Implementing FLUSH construct::
* Implementing BARRIER construct::
* Implementing THREADPRIVATE construct::
* Implementing PRIVATE clause::
* Implementing FIRSTPRIVATE LASTPRIVATE COPYIN and COPYPRIVATE clauses::
* Implementing REDUCTION clause::
* Implementing PARALLEL construct::
* Implementing FOR construct::
* Implementing ORDERED construct::
* Implementing SECTIONS construct::
* Implementing SINGLE construct::

File: libgomp.info,  Node: Implementing MASTER construct,  Next: Implementing CRITICAL construct,  Up: The libgomp ABI

4.1 Implementing MASTER construct
=================================

     if (omp_get_thread_num () == 0)
       block

   Alternately, we generate two copies of the parallel subfunction and
only include this in the version run by the master thread.  Surely
that's not worthwhile though...

File: libgomp.info,  Node: Implementing CRITICAL construct,  Next: Implementing ATOMIC construct,  Prev: Implementing MASTER construct,  Up: The libgomp ABI

4.2 Implementing CRITICAL construct
===================================

Without a specified name,

       void GOMP_critical_start (void);
       void GOMP_critical_end (void);

   so that we don't get COPY relocations from libgomp to the main
application.

   With a specified name, use omp_set_lock and omp_unset_lock with name
being transformed into a variable declared like

       omp_lock_t gomp_critical_user_<name> __attribute__((common))

   Ideally the ABI would specify that all zero is a valid unlocked
state, and so we wouldn't actually need to initialize this at startup.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: Implementing ATOMIC construct,  Next: Implementing FLUSH construct,  Prev: Implementing CRITICAL construct,  Up: The libgomp ABI

4.3 Implementing ATOMIC construct
=================================

The target should implement the `__sync' builtins.

   Failing that we could add

       void GOMP_atomic_enter (void)
       void GOMP_atomic_exit (void)

   which reuses the regular lock code, but with yet another lock object
private to the library.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: Implementing FLUSH construct,  Next: Implementing BARRIER construct,  Prev: Implementing ATOMIC construct,  Up: The libgomp ABI

4.4 Implementing FLUSH construct
================================

Expands to the `__sync_synchronize' builtin.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: Implementing BARRIER construct,  Next: Implementing THREADPRIVATE construct,  Prev: Implementing FLUSH construct,  Up: The libgomp ABI

4.5 Implementing BARRIER construct
==================================

       void GOMP_barrier (void)

File: libgomp.info,  Node: Implementing THREADPRIVATE construct,  Next: Implementing PRIVATE clause,  Prev: Implementing BARRIER construct,  Up: The libgomp ABI

4.6 Implementing THREADPRIVATE construct
========================================

In _most_ cases we can map this directly to `__thread'.  Except that
OMP allows constructors for C++ objects.  We can either refuse to
support this (how often is it used?) or we can implement something akin
to .ctors.

   Even more ideally, this ctor feature is handled by extensions to the
main pthreads library.  Failing that, we can have a set of entry points
to register ctor functions to be called.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: Implementing PRIVATE clause,  Next: Implementing FIRSTPRIVATE LASTPRIVATE COPYIN and COPYPRIVATE clauses,  Prev: Implementing THREADPRIVATE construct,  Up: The libgomp ABI

4.7 Implementing PRIVATE clause
===============================

In association with a PARALLEL, or within the lexical extent of a
PARALLEL block, the variable becomes a local variable in the parallel
subfunction.

   In association with FOR or SECTIONS blocks, create a new automatic
variable within the current function.  This preserves the semantic of
new variable creation.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: Implementing FIRSTPRIVATE LASTPRIVATE COPYIN and COPYPRIVATE clauses,  Next: Implementing REDUCTION clause,  Prev: Implementing PRIVATE clause,  Up: The libgomp ABI

4.8 Implementing FIRSTPRIVATE LASTPRIVATE COPYIN and COPYPRIVATE clauses
========================================================================

Seems simple enough for PARALLEL blocks.  Create a private struct for
communicating between parent and subfunction.  In the parent, copy in
values for scalar and "small" structs; copy in addresses for others
TREE_ADDRESSABLE types.  In the subfunction, copy the value into the
local variable.

   Not clear at all what to do with bare FOR or SECTION blocks.  The
only thing I can figure is that we do something like

     #pragma omp for firstprivate(x) lastprivate(y)
     for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i)
       body;

   which becomes

     {
       int x = x, y;

       // for stuff

       if (i == n)
         y = y;
     }

   where the "x=x" and "y=y" assignments actually have different uids
for the two variables, i.e. not something you could write directly in
C.  Presumably this only makes sense if the "outer" x and y are global
variables.

   COPYPRIVATE would work the same way, except the structure broadcast
would have to happen via SINGLE machinery instead.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: Implementing REDUCTION clause,  Next: Implementing PARALLEL construct,  Prev: Implementing FIRSTPRIVATE LASTPRIVATE COPYIN and COPYPRIVATE clauses,  Up: The libgomp ABI

4.9 Implementing REDUCTION clause
=================================

The private struct mentioned in the previous section should have a
pointer to an array of the type of the variable, indexed by the
thread's TEAM_ID.  The thread stores its final value into the array,
and after the barrier the master thread iterates over the array to
collect the values.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: Implementing PARALLEL construct,  Next: Implementing FOR construct,  Prev: Implementing REDUCTION clause,  Up: The libgomp ABI

4.10 Implementing PARALLEL construct
====================================

       #pragma omp parallel
       {
         body;
       }

   becomes

       void subfunction (void *data)
       {
         use data;
         body;
       }

       setup data;
       GOMP_parallel_start (subfunction, &data, num_threads);
       subfunction (&data);
       GOMP_parallel_end ();

       void GOMP_parallel_start (void (*fn)(void *), void *data, unsigned num_threads)

   The FN argument is the subfunction to be run in parallel.

   The DATA argument is a pointer to a structure used to communicate
data in and out of the subfunction, as discussed above with respect to
FIRSTPRIVATE et al.

   The NUM_THREADS argument is 1 if an IF clause is present and false,
or the value of the NUM_THREADS clause, if present, or 0.

   The function needs to create the appropriate number of threads
and/or launch them from the dock.  It needs to create the team
structure and assign team ids.

       void GOMP_parallel_end (void)

   Tears down the team and returns us to the previous
`omp_in_parallel()' state.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: Implementing FOR construct,  Next: Implementing ORDERED construct,  Prev: Implementing PARALLEL construct,  Up: The libgomp ABI

4.11 Implementing FOR construct
===============================

       #pragma omp parallel for
       for (i = lb; i <= ub; i++)
         body;

   becomes

       void subfunction (void *data)
       {
         long _s0, _e0;
         while (GOMP_loop_static_next (&_s0, &_e0))
         {
           long _e1 = _e0, i;
           for (i = _s0; i < _e1; i++)
             body;
         }
         GOMP_loop_end_nowait ();
       }

       GOMP_parallel_loop_static (subfunction, NULL, 0, lb, ub+1, 1, 0);
       subfunction (NULL);
       GOMP_parallel_end ();

       #pragma omp for schedule(runtime)
       for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
         body;

   becomes

       {
         long i, _s0, _e0;
         if (GOMP_loop_runtime_start (0, n, 1, &_s0, &_e0))
           do {
             long _e1 = _e0;
             for (i = _s0, i < _e0; i++)
               body;
           } while (GOMP_loop_runtime_next (&_s0, _&e0));
         GOMP_loop_end ();
       }

   Note that while it looks like there is trickyness to propagating a
non-constant STEP, there isn't really.  We're explicitly allowed to
evaluate it as many times as we want, and any variables involved should
automatically be handled as PRIVATE or SHARED like any other variables.
So the expression should remain evaluable in the subfunction.  We can
also pull it into a local variable if we like, but since its supposed
to remain unchanged, we can also not if we like.

   If we have SCHEDULE(STATIC), and no ORDERED, then we ought to be
able to get away with no work-sharing context at all, since we can
simply perform the arithmetic directly in each thread to divide up the
iterations.  Which would mean that we wouldn't need to call any of
these routines.

   There are separate routines for handling loops with an ORDERED
clause.  Bookkeeping for that is non-trivial...

File: libgomp.info,  Node: Implementing ORDERED construct,  Next: Implementing SECTIONS construct,  Prev: Implementing FOR construct,  Up: The libgomp ABI

4.12 Implementing ORDERED construct
===================================

       void GOMP_ordered_start (void)
       void GOMP_ordered_end (void)

File: libgomp.info,  Node: Implementing SECTIONS construct,  Next: Implementing SINGLE construct,  Prev: Implementing ORDERED construct,  Up: The libgomp ABI

4.13 Implementing SECTIONS construct
====================================

A block as

       #pragma omp sections
       {
         #pragma omp section
         stmt1;
         #pragma omp section
         stmt2;
         #pragma omp section
         stmt3;
       }

   becomes

       for (i = GOMP_sections_start (3); i != 0; i = GOMP_sections_next ())
         switch (i)
           {
           case 1:
             stmt1;
             break;
           case 2:
             stmt2;
             break;
           case 3:
             stmt3;
             break;
           }
       GOMP_barrier ();

File: libgomp.info,  Node: Implementing SINGLE construct,  Prev: Implementing SECTIONS construct,  Up: The libgomp ABI

4.14 Implementing SINGLE construct
==================================

A block like

       #pragma omp single
       {
         body;
       }

   becomes

       if (GOMP_single_start ())
         body;
       GOMP_barrier ();

   while

       #pragma omp single copyprivate(x)
         body;

   becomes

       datap = GOMP_single_copy_start ();
       if (datap == NULL)
         {
           body;
           data.x = x;
           GOMP_single_copy_end (&data);
         }
       else
         x = datap->x;
       GOMP_barrier ();

File: libgomp.info,  Node: Reporting Bugs,  Next: Copying,  Prev: The libgomp ABI,  Up: Top

5 Reporting Bugs
****************

Bugs in the GNU OpenMP implementation should be reported via bugzilla
(http://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/). In all cases, please add "openmp" to
the keywords field in the bug report.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: Copying,  Next: GNU Free Documentation License,  Prev: Reporting Bugs,  Up: Top

GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
**************************

                         Version 2, June 1991

     Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
     51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301, USA

     Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies
     of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.

Preamble
========

The licenses for most software are designed to take away your freedom
to share and change it.  By contrast, the GNU General Public License is
intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free
software--to make sure the software is free for all its users.  This
General Public License applies to most of the Free Software
Foundation's software and to any other program whose authors commit to
using it.  (Some other Free Software Foundation software is covered by
the GNU Library General Public License instead.)  You can apply it to
your programs, too.

   When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not
price.  Our General Public Licenses are designed to make sure that you
have the freedom to distribute copies of free software (and charge for
this service if you wish), that you receive source code or can get it
if you want it, that you can change the software or use pieces of it in
new free programs; and that you know you can do these things.

   To protect your rights, we need to make restrictions that forbid
anyone to deny you these rights or to ask you to surrender the rights.
These restrictions translate to certain responsibilities for you if you
distribute copies of the software, or if you modify it.

   For example, if you distribute copies of such a program, whether
gratis or for a fee, you must give the recipients all the rights that
you have.  You must make sure that they, too, receive or can get the
source code.  And you must show them these terms so they know their
rights.

   We protect your rights with two steps: (1) copyright the software,
and (2) offer you this license which gives you legal permission to copy,
distribute and/or modify the software.

   Also, for each author's protection and ours, we want to make certain
that everyone understands that there is no warranty for this free
software.  If the software is modified by someone else and passed on, we
want its recipients to know that what they have is not the original, so
that any problems introduced by others will not reflect on the original
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   Finally, any free program is threatened constantly by software
patents.  We wish to avoid the danger that redistributors of a free
program will individually obtain patent licenses, in effect making the
program proprietary.  To prevent this, we have made it clear that any
patent must be licensed for everyone's free use or not licensed at all.

   The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and
modification follow.

    TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION
  0. This License applies to any program or other work which contains a
     notice placed by the copyright holder saying it may be distributed
     under the terms of this General Public License.  The "Program",
     below, refers to any such program or work, and a "work based on
     the Program" means either the Program or any derivative work under
     copyright law: that is to say, a work containing the Program or a
     portion of it, either verbatim or with modifications and/or
     translated into another language.  (Hereinafter, translation is
     included without limitation in the term "modification".)  Each
     licensee is addressed as "you".

     Activities other than copying, distribution and modification are
     not covered by this License; they are outside its scope.  The act
     of running the Program is not restricted, and the output from the
     Program is covered only if its contents constitute a work based on
     the Program (independent of having been made by running the
     Program).  Whether that is true depends on what the Program does.

  1. You may copy and distribute verbatim copies of the Program's
     source code as you receive it, in any medium, provided that you
     conspicuously and appropriately publish on each copy an appropriate
     copyright notice and disclaimer of warranty; keep intact all the
     notices that refer to this License and to the absence of any
     warranty; and give any other recipients of the Program a copy of
     this License along with the Program.

     You may charge a fee for the physical act of transferring a copy,
     and you may at your option offer warranty protection in exchange
     for a fee.

  2. You may modify your copy or copies of the Program or any portion
     of it, thus forming a work based on the Program, and copy and
     distribute such modifications or work under the terms of Section 1
     above, provided that you also meet all of these conditions:

       a. You must cause the modified files to carry prominent notices
          stating that you changed the files and the date of any change.

       b. You must cause any work that you distribute or publish, that
          in whole or in part contains or is derived from the Program
          or any part thereof, to be licensed as a whole at no charge
          to all third parties under the terms of this License.

       c. If the modified program normally reads commands interactively
          when run, you must cause it, when started running for such
          interactive use in the most ordinary way, to print or display
          an announcement including an appropriate copyright notice and
          a notice that there is no warranty (or else, saying that you
          provide a warranty) and that users may redistribute the
          program under these conditions, and telling the user how to
          view a copy of this License.  (Exception: if the Program
          itself is interactive but does not normally print such an
          announcement, your work based on the Program is not required
          to print an announcement.)

     These requirements apply to the modified work as a whole.  If
     identifiable sections of that work are not derived from the
     Program, and can be reasonably considered independent and separate
     works in themselves, then this License, and its terms, do not
     apply to those sections when you distribute them as separate
     works.  But when you distribute the same sections as part of a
     whole which is a work based on the Program, the distribution of
     the whole must be on the terms of this License, whose permissions
     for other licensees extend to the entire whole, and thus to each
     and every part regardless of who wrote it.

     Thus, it is not the intent of this section to claim rights or
     contest your rights to work written entirely by you; rather, the
     intent is to exercise the right to control the distribution of
     derivative or collective works based on the Program.

     In addition, mere aggregation of another work not based on the
     Program with the Program (or with a work based on the Program) on
     a volume of a storage or distribution medium does not bring the
     other work under the scope of this License.

  3. You may copy and distribute the Program (or a work based on it,
     under Section 2) in object code or executable form under the terms
     of Sections 1 and 2 above provided that you also do one of the
     following:

       a. Accompany it with the complete corresponding machine-readable
          source code, which must be distributed under the terms of
          Sections 1 and 2 above on a medium customarily used for
          software interchange; or,

       b. Accompany it with a written offer, valid for at least three
          years, to give any third party, for a charge no more than your
          cost of physically performing source distribution, a complete
          machine-readable copy of the corresponding source code, to be
          distributed under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above on a
          medium customarily used for software interchange; or,

       c. Accompany it with the information you received as to the offer
          to distribute corresponding source code.  (This alternative is
          allowed only for noncommercial distribution and only if you
          received the program in object code or executable form with
          such an offer, in accord with Subsection b above.)

     The source code for a work means the preferred form of the work for
     making modifications to it.  For an executable work, complete
     source code means all the source code for all modules it contains,
     plus any associated interface definition files, plus the scripts
     used to control compilation and installation of the executable.
     However, as a special exception, the source code distributed need
     not include anything that is normally distributed (in either
     source or binary form) with the major components (compiler,
     kernel, and so on) of the operating system on which the executable
     runs, unless that component itself accompanies the executable.

     If distribution of executable or object code is made by offering
     access to copy from a designated place, then offering equivalent
     access to copy the source code from the same place counts as
     distribution of the source code, even though third parties are not
     compelled to copy the source along with the object code.

  4. You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Program
     except as expressly provided under this License.  Any attempt
     otherwise to copy, modify, sublicense or distribute the Program is
     void, and will automatically terminate your rights under this
     License.  However, parties who have received copies, or rights,
     from you under this License will not have their licenses
     terminated so long as such parties remain in full compliance.

  5. You are not required to accept this License, since you have not
     signed it.  However, nothing else grants you permission to modify
     or distribute the Program or its derivative works.  These actions
     are prohibited by law if you do not accept this License.
     Therefore, by modifying or distributing the Program (or any work
     based on the Program), you indicate your acceptance of this
     License to do so, and all its terms and conditions for copying,
     distributing or modifying the Program or works based on it.

  6. Each time you redistribute the Program (or any work based on the
     Program), the recipient automatically receives a license from the
     original licensor to copy, distribute or modify the Program
     subject to these terms and conditions.  You may not impose any
     further restrictions on the recipients' exercise of the rights
     granted herein.  You are not responsible for enforcing compliance
     by third parties to this License.

  7. If, as a consequence of a court judgment or allegation of patent
     infringement or for any other reason (not limited to patent
     issues), conditions are imposed on you (whether by court order,
     agreement or otherwise) that contradict the conditions of this
     License, they do not excuse you from the conditions of this
     License.  If you cannot distribute so as to satisfy simultaneously
     your obligations under this License and any other pertinent
     obligations, then as a consequence you may not distribute the
     Program at all.  For example, if a patent license would not permit
     royalty-free redistribution of the Program by all those who
     receive copies directly or indirectly through you, then the only
     way you could satisfy both it and this License would be to refrain
     entirely from distribution of the Program.

     If any portion of this section is held invalid or unenforceable
     under any particular circumstance, the balance of the section is
     intended to apply and the section as a whole is intended to apply
     in other circumstances.

     It is not the purpose of this section to induce you to infringe any
     patents or other property right claims or to contest validity of
     any such claims; this section has the sole purpose of protecting
     the integrity of the free software distribution system, which is
     implemented by public license practices.  Many people have made
     generous contributions to the wide range of software distributed
     through that system in reliance on consistent application of that
     system; it is up to the author/donor to decide if he or she is
     willing to distribute software through any other system and a
     licensee cannot impose that choice.

     This section is intended to make thoroughly clear what is believed
     to be a consequence of the rest of this License.

  8. If the distribution and/or use of the Program is restricted in
     certain countries either by patents or by copyrighted interfaces,
     the original copyright holder who places the Program under this
     License may add an explicit geographical distribution limitation
     excluding those countries, so that distribution is permitted only
     in or among countries not thus excluded.  In such case, this
     License incorporates the limitation as if written in the body of
     this License.

  9. The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new
     versions of the General Public License from time to time.  Such
     new versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but
     may differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.

     Each version is given a distinguishing version number.  If the
     Program specifies a version number of this License which applies
     to it and "any later version", you have the option of following
     the terms and conditions either of that version or of any later
     version published by the Free Software Foundation.  If the Program
     does not specify a version number of this License, you may choose
     any version ever published by the Free Software Foundation.

 10. If you wish to incorporate parts of the Program into other free
     programs whose distribution conditions are different, write to the
     author to ask for permission.  For software which is copyrighted
     by the Free Software Foundation, write to the Free Software
     Foundation; we sometimes make exceptions for this.  Our decision
     will be guided by the two goals of preserving the free status of
     all derivatives of our free software and of promoting the sharing
     and reuse of software generally.

                                NO WARRANTY
 11. BECAUSE THE PROGRAM IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO
     WARRANTY FOR THE PROGRAM, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE
     LAW.  EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT
     HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE PROGRAM "AS IS" WITHOUT
     WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT
     NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
     FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE
     QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM IS WITH YOU.  SHOULD THE
     PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY
     SERVICING, REPAIR OR CORRECTION.

 12. IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN
     WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY
     MODIFY AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE THE PROGRAM AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE
     LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL,
     INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR
     INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF
     DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU
     OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM TO OPERATE WITH ANY
     OTHER PROGRAMS), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN
     ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.

                      END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS
Appendix: How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs
=======================================================

If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest
possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make it
free software which everyone can redistribute and change under these
terms.

   To do so, attach the following notices to the program.  It is safest
to attach them to the start of each source file to most effectively
convey the exclusion of warranty; and each file should have at least
the "copyright" line and a pointer to where the full notice is found.

     ONE LINE TO GIVE THE PROGRAM'S NAME AND A BRIEF IDEA OF WHAT IT DOES.
     Copyright (C) YEAR  NAME OF AUTHOR

     This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
     it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
     the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
     (at your option) any later version.

     This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
     but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
     MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
     GNU General Public License for more details.

     You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
     along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
     Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301, USA

   Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper
mail.

   If the program is interactive, make it output a short notice like
this when it starts in an interactive mode:

     Gnomovision version 69, Copyright (C) YEAR NAME OF AUTHOR
     Gnomovision comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details
     type `show w'.
     This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it
     under certain conditions; type `show c' for details.

   The hypothetical commands `show w' and `show c' should show the
appropriate parts of the General Public License.  Of course, the
commands you use may be called something other than `show w' and `show
c'; they could even be mouse-clicks or menu items--whatever suits your
program.

   You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or
your school, if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the program,
if necessary.  Here is a sample; alter the names:

     Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all copyright interest in the program
     `Gnomovision' (which makes passes at compilers) written by James Hacker.

     SIGNATURE OF TY COON, 1 April 1989
     Ty Coon, President of Vice

   This General Public License does not permit incorporating your
program into proprietary programs.  If your program is a subroutine
library, you may consider it more useful to permit linking proprietary
applications with the library.  If this is what you want to do, use the
GNU Library General Public License instead of this License.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: GNU Free Documentation License,  Next: Funding,  Prev: Copying,  Up: Top

GNU Free Documentation License
******************************

                      Version 1.2, November 2002

     Copyright (C) 2000,2001,2002 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
     51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301, USA

     Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies
     of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.

  0. PREAMBLE

     The purpose of this License is to make a manual, textbook, or other
     functional and useful document "free" in the sense of freedom: to
     assure everyone the effective freedom to copy and redistribute it,
     with or without modifying it, either commercially or
     noncommercially.  Secondarily, this License preserves for the
     author and publisher a way to get credit for their work, while not
     being considered responsible for modifications made by others.

     This License is a kind of "copyleft", which means that derivative
     works of the document must themselves be free in the same sense.
     It complements the GNU General Public License, which is a copyleft
     license designed for free software.

     We have designed this License in order to use it for manuals for
     free software, because free software needs free documentation: a
     free program should come with manuals providing the same freedoms
     that the software does.  But this License is not limited to
     software manuals; it can be used for any textual work, regardless
     of subject matter or whether it is published as a printed book.
     We recommend this License principally for works whose purpose is
     instruction or reference.

  1. APPLICABILITY AND DEFINITIONS

     This License applies to any manual or other work, in any medium,
     that contains a notice placed by the copyright holder saying it
     can be distributed under the terms of this License.  Such a notice
     grants a world-wide, royalty-free license, unlimited in duration,
     to use that work under the conditions stated herein.  The
     "Document", below, refers to any such manual or work.  Any member
     of the public is a licensee, and is addressed as "you".  You
     accept the license if you copy, modify or distribute the work in a
     way requiring permission under copyright law.

     A "Modified Version" of the Document means any work containing the
     Document or a portion of it, either copied verbatim, or with
     modifications and/or translated into another language.

     A "Secondary Section" is a named appendix or a front-matter section
     of the Document that deals exclusively with the relationship of the
     publishers or authors of the Document to the Document's overall
     subject (or to related matters) and contains nothing that could
     fall directly within that overall subject.  (Thus, if the Document
     is in part a textbook of mathematics, a Secondary Section may not
     explain any mathematics.)  The relationship could be a matter of
     historical connection with the subject or with related matters, or
     of legal, commercial, philosophical, ethical or political position
     regarding them.

     The "Invariant Sections" are certain Secondary Sections whose
     titles are designated, as being those of Invariant Sections, in
     the notice that says that the Document is released under this
     License.  If a section does not fit the above definition of
     Secondary then it is not allowed to be designated as Invariant.
     The Document may contain zero Invariant Sections.  If the Document
     does not identify any Invariant Sections then there are none.

     The "Cover Texts" are certain short passages of text that are
     listed, as Front-Cover Texts or Back-Cover Texts, in the notice
     that says that the Document is released under this License.  A
     Front-Cover Text may be at most 5 words, and a Back-Cover Text may
     be at most 25 words.

     A "Transparent" copy of the Document means a machine-readable copy,
     represented in a format whose specification is available to the
     general public, that is suitable for revising the document
     straightforwardly with generic text editors or (for images
     composed of pixels) generic paint programs or (for drawings) some
     widely available drawing editor, and that is suitable for input to
     text formatters or for automatic translation to a variety of
     formats suitable for input to text formatters.  A copy made in an
     otherwise Transparent file format whose markup, or absence of
     markup, has been arranged to thwart or discourage subsequent
     modification by readers is not Transparent.  An image format is
     not Transparent if used for any substantial amount of text.  A
     copy that is not "Transparent" is called "Opaque".

     Examples of suitable formats for Transparent copies include plain
     ASCII without markup, Texinfo input format, LaTeX input format,
     SGML or XML using a publicly available DTD, and
     standard-conforming simple HTML, PostScript or PDF designed for
     human modification.  Examples of transparent image formats include
     PNG, XCF and JPG.  Opaque formats include proprietary formats that
     can be read and edited only by proprietary word processors, SGML or
     XML for which the DTD and/or processing tools are not generally
     available, and the machine-generated HTML, PostScript or PDF
     produced by some word processors for output purposes only.

     The "Title Page" means, for a printed book, the title page itself,
     plus such following pages as are needed to hold, legibly, the
     material this License requires to appear in the title page.  For
     works in formats which do not have any title page as such, "Title
     Page" means the text near the most prominent appearance of the
     work's title, preceding the beginning of the body of the text.

     A section "Entitled XYZ" means a named subunit of the Document
     whose title either is precisely XYZ or contains XYZ in parentheses
     following text that translates XYZ in another language.  (Here XYZ
     stands for a specific section name mentioned below, such as
     "Acknowledgements", "Dedications", "Endorsements", or "History".)
     To "Preserve the Title" of such a section when you modify the
     Document means that it remains a section "Entitled XYZ" according
     to this definition.

     The Document may include Warranty Disclaimers next to the notice
     which states that this License applies to the Document.  These
     Warranty Disclaimers are considered to be included by reference in
     this License, but only as regards disclaiming warranties: any other
     implication that these Warranty Disclaimers may have is void and
     has no effect on the meaning of this License.

  2. VERBATIM COPYING

     You may copy and distribute the Document in any medium, either
     commercially or noncommercially, provided that this License, the
     copyright notices, and the license notice saying this License
     applies to the Document are reproduced in all copies, and that you
     add no other conditions whatsoever to those of this License.  You
     may not use technical measures to obstruct or control the reading
     or further copying of the copies you make or distribute.  However,
     you may accept compensation in exchange for copies.  If you
     distribute a large enough number of copies you must also follow
     the conditions in section 3.

     You may also lend copies, under the same conditions stated above,
     and you may publicly display copies.

  3. COPYING IN QUANTITY

     If you publish printed copies (or copies in media that commonly
     have printed covers) of the Document, numbering more than 100, and
     the Document's license notice requires Cover Texts, you must
     enclose the copies in covers that carry, clearly and legibly, all
     these Cover Texts: Front-Cover Texts on the front cover, and
     Back-Cover Texts on the back cover.  Both covers must also clearly
     and legibly identify you as the publisher of these copies.  The
     front cover must present the full title with all words of the
     title equally prominent and visible.  You may add other material
     on the covers in addition.  Copying with changes limited to the
     covers, as long as they preserve the title of the Document and
     satisfy these conditions, can be treated as verbatim copying in
     other respects.

     If the required texts for either cover are too voluminous to fit
     legibly, you should put the first ones listed (as many as fit
     reasonably) on the actual cover, and continue the rest onto
     adjacent pages.

     If you publish or distribute Opaque copies of the Document
     numbering more than 100, you must either include a
     machine-readable Transparent copy along with each Opaque copy, or
     state in or with each Opaque copy a computer-network location from
     which the general network-using public has access to download
     using public-standard network protocols a complete Transparent
     copy of the Document, free of added material.  If you use the
     latter option, you must take reasonably prudent steps, when you
     begin distribution of Opaque copies in quantity, to ensure that
     this Transparent copy will remain thus accessible at the stated
     location until at least one year after the last time you
     distribute an Opaque copy (directly or through your agents or
     retailers) of that edition to the public.

     It is requested, but not required, that you contact the authors of
     the Document well before redistributing any large number of
     copies, to give them a chance to provide you with an updated
     version of the Document.

  4. MODIFICATIONS

     You may copy and distribute a Modified Version of the Document
     under the conditions of sections 2 and 3 above, provided that you
     release the Modified Version under precisely this License, with
     the Modified Version filling the role of the Document, thus
     licensing distribution and modification of the Modified Version to
     whoever possesses a copy of it.  In addition, you must do these
     things in the Modified Version:

       A. Use in the Title Page (and on the covers, if any) a title
          distinct from that of the Document, and from those of
          previous versions (which should, if there were any, be listed
          in the History section of the Document).  You may use the
          same title as a previous version if the original publisher of
          that version gives permission.

       B. List on the Title Page, as authors, one or more persons or
          entities responsible for authorship of the modifications in
          the Modified Version, together with at least five of the
          principal authors of the Document (all of its principal
          authors, if it has fewer than five), unless they release you
          from this requirement.

       C. State on the Title page the name of the publisher of the
          Modified Version, as the publisher.

       D. Preserve all the copyright notices of the Document.

       E. Add an appropriate copyright notice for your modifications
          adjacent to the other copyright notices.

       F. Include, immediately after the copyright notices, a license
          notice giving the public permission to use the Modified
          Version under the terms of this License, in the form shown in
          the Addendum below.

       G. Preserve in that license notice the full lists of Invariant
          Sections and required Cover Texts given in the Document's
          license notice.

       H. Include an unaltered copy of this License.

       I. Preserve the section Entitled "History", Preserve its Title,
          and add to it an item stating at least the title, year, new
          authors, and publisher of the Modified Version as given on
          the Title Page.  If there is no section Entitled "History" in
          the Document, create one stating the title, year, authors,
          and publisher of the Document as given on its Title Page,
          then add an item describing the Modified Version as stated in
          the previous sentence.

       J. Preserve the network location, if any, given in the Document
          for public access to a Transparent copy of the Document, and
          likewise the network locations given in the Document for
          previous versions it was based on.  These may be placed in
          the "History" section.  You may omit a network location for a
          work that was published at least four years before the
          Document itself, or if the original publisher of the version
          it refers to gives permission.

       K. For any section Entitled "Acknowledgements" or "Dedications",
          Preserve the Title of the section, and preserve in the
          section all the substance and tone of each of the contributor
          acknowledgements and/or dedications given therein.

       L. Preserve all the Invariant Sections of the Document,
          unaltered in their text and in their titles.  Section numbers
          or the equivalent are not considered part of the section
          titles.

       M. Delete any section Entitled "Endorsements".  Such a section
          may not be included in the Modified Version.

       N. Do not retitle any existing section to be Entitled
          "Endorsements" or to conflict in title with any Invariant
          Section.

       O. Preserve any Warranty Disclaimers.

     If the Modified Version includes new front-matter sections or
     appendices that qualify as Secondary Sections and contain no
     material copied from the Document, you may at your option
     designate some or all of these sections as invariant.  To do this,
     add their titles to the list of Invariant Sections in the Modified
     Version's license notice.  These titles must be distinct from any
     other section titles.

     You may add a section Entitled "Endorsements", provided it contains
     nothing but endorsements of your Modified Version by various
     parties--for example, statements of peer review or that the text
     has been approved by an organization as the authoritative
     definition of a standard.

     You may add a passage of up to five words as a Front-Cover Text,
     and a passage of up to 25 words as a Back-Cover Text, to the end
     of the list of Cover Texts in the Modified Version.  Only one
     passage of Front-Cover Text and one of Back-Cover Text may be
     added by (or through arrangements made by) any one entity.  If the
     Document already includes a cover text for the same cover,
     previously added by you or by arrangement made by the same entity
     you are acting on behalf of, you may not add another; but you may
     replace the old one, on explicit permission from the previous
     publisher that added the old one.

     The author(s) and publisher(s) of the Document do not by this
     License give permission to use their names for publicity for or to
     assert or imply endorsement of any Modified Version.

  5. COMBINING DOCUMENTS

     You may combine the Document with other documents released under
     this License, under the terms defined in section 4 above for
     modified versions, provided that you include in the combination
     all of the Invariant Sections of all of the original documents,
     unmodified, and list them all as Invariant Sections of your
     combined work in its license notice, and that you preserve all
     their Warranty Disclaimers.

     The combined work need only contain one copy of this License, and
     multiple identical Invariant Sections may be replaced with a single
     copy.  If there are multiple Invariant Sections with the same name
     but different contents, make the title of each such section unique
     by adding at the end of it, in parentheses, the name of the
     original author or publisher of that section if known, or else a
     unique number.  Make the same adjustment to the section titles in
     the list of Invariant Sections in the license notice of the
     combined work.

     In the combination, you must combine any sections Entitled
     "History" in the various original documents, forming one section
     Entitled "History"; likewise combine any sections Entitled
     "Acknowledgements", and any sections Entitled "Dedications".  You
     must delete all sections Entitled "Endorsements."

  6. COLLECTIONS OF DOCUMENTS

     You may make a collection consisting of the Document and other
     documents released under this License, and replace the individual
     copies of this License in the various documents with a single copy
     that is included in the collection, provided that you follow the
     rules of this License for verbatim copying of each of the
     documents in all other respects.

     You may extract a single document from such a collection, and
     distribute it individually under this License, provided you insert
     a copy of this License into the extracted document, and follow
     this License in all other respects regarding verbatim copying of
     that document.

  7. AGGREGATION WITH INDEPENDENT WORKS

     A compilation of the Document or its derivatives with other
     separate and independent documents or works, in or on a volume of
     a storage or distribution medium, is called an "aggregate" if the
     copyright resulting from the compilation is not used to limit the
     legal rights of the compilation's users beyond what the individual
     works permit.  When the Document is included in an aggregate, this
     License does not apply to the other works in the aggregate which
     are not themselves derivative works of the Document.

     If the Cover Text requirement of section 3 is applicable to these
     copies of the Document, then if the Document is less than one half
     of the entire aggregate, the Document's Cover Texts may be placed
     on covers that bracket the Document within the aggregate, or the
     electronic equivalent of covers if the Document is in electronic
     form.  Otherwise they must appear on printed covers that bracket
     the whole aggregate.

  8. TRANSLATION

     Translation is considered a kind of modification, so you may
     distribute translations of the Document under the terms of section
     4.  Replacing Invariant Sections with translations requires special
     permission from their copyright holders, but you may include
     translations of some or all Invariant Sections in addition to the
     original versions of these Invariant Sections.  You may include a
     translation of this License, and all the license notices in the
     Document, and any Warranty Disclaimers, provided that you also
     include the original English version of this License and the
     original versions of those notices and disclaimers.  In case of a
     disagreement between the translation and the original version of
     this License or a notice or disclaimer, the original version will
     prevail.

     If a section in the Document is Entitled "Acknowledgements",
     "Dedications", or "History", the requirement (section 4) to
     Preserve its Title (section 1) will typically require changing the
     actual title.

  9. TERMINATION

     You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Document
     except as expressly provided for under this License.  Any other
     attempt to copy, modify, sublicense or distribute the Document is
     void, and will automatically terminate your rights under this
     License.  However, parties who have received copies, or rights,
     from you under this License will not have their licenses
     terminated so long as such parties remain in full compliance.

 10. FUTURE REVISIONS OF THIS LICENSE

     The Free Software Foundation may publish new, revised versions of
     the GNU Free Documentation License from time to time.  Such new
     versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may
     differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.  See
     `http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/'.

     Each version of the License is given a distinguishing version
     number.  If the Document specifies that a particular numbered
     version of this License "or any later version" applies to it, you
     have the option of following the terms and conditions either of
     that specified version or of any later version that has been
     published (not as a draft) by the Free Software Foundation.  If
     the Document does not specify a version number of this License,
     you may choose any version ever published (not as a draft) by the
     Free Software Foundation.

ADDENDUM: How to use this License for your documents
====================================================

To use this License in a document you have written, include a copy of
the License in the document and put the following copyright and license
notices just after the title page:

       Copyright (C)  YEAR  YOUR NAME.
       Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document
       under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2
       or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation;
       with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover
       Texts.  A copy of the license is included in the section entitled ``GNU
       Free Documentation License''.

   If you have Invariant Sections, Front-Cover Texts and Back-Cover
Texts, replace the "with...Texts." line with this:

         with the Invariant Sections being LIST THEIR TITLES, with
         the Front-Cover Texts being LIST, and with the Back-Cover Texts
         being LIST.

   If you have Invariant Sections without Cover Texts, or some other
combination of the three, merge those two alternatives to suit the
situation.

   If your document contains nontrivial examples of program code, we
recommend releasing these examples in parallel under your choice of
free software license, such as the GNU General Public License, to
permit their use in free software.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: Funding,  Next: Index,  Prev: GNU Free Documentation License,  Up: Top

Funding Free Software
*********************

If you want to have more free software a few years from now, it makes
sense for you to help encourage people to contribute funds for its
development.  The most effective approach known is to encourage
commercial redistributors to donate.

   Users of free software systems can boost the pace of development by
encouraging for-a-fee distributors to donate part of their selling price
to free software developers--the Free Software Foundation, and others.

   The way to convince distributors to do this is to demand it and
expect it from them.  So when you compare distributors, judge them
partly by how much they give to free software development.  Show
distributors they must compete to be the one who gives the most.

   To make this approach work, you must insist on numbers that you can
compare, such as, "We will donate ten dollars to the Frobnitz project
for each disk sold."  Don't be satisfied with a vague promise, such as
"A portion of the profits are donated," since it doesn't give a basis
for comparison.

   Even a precise fraction "of the profits from this disk" is not very
meaningful, since creative accounting and unrelated business decisions
can greatly alter what fraction of the sales price counts as profit.
If the price you pay is $50, ten percent of the profit is probably less
than a dollar; it might be a few cents, or nothing at all.

   Some redistributors do development work themselves.  This is useful
too; but to keep everyone honest, you need to inquire how much they do,
and what kind.  Some kinds of development make much more long-term
difference than others.  For example, maintaining a separate version of
a program contributes very little; maintaining the standard version of a
program for the whole community contributes much.  Easy new ports
contribute little, since someone else would surely do them; difficult
ports such as adding a new CPU to the GNU Compiler Collection
contribute more; major new features or packages contribute the most.

   By establishing the idea that supporting further development is "the
proper thing to do" when distributing free software for a fee, we can
assure a steady flow of resources into making more free software.

     Copyright (C) 1994 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
     Verbatim copying and redistribution of this section is permitted
     without royalty; alteration is not permitted.

File: libgomp.info,  Node: Index,  Prev: Funding,  Up: Top

Index
*****

[index]
* Menu:

* Environment Variable <1>:              GOMP_STACKSIZE.        (line 6)
* Environment Variable <2>:              GOMP_CPU_AFFINITY.     (line 6)
* Environment Variable <3>:              OMP_WAIT_POLICY.       (line 6)
* Environment Variable <4>:              OMP_THREAD_LIMIT.      (line 6)
* Environment Variable <5>:              OMP_STACKSIZE.         (line 6)
* Environment Variable <6>:              OMP_SCHEDULE.          (line 6)
* Environment Variable <7>:              OMP_NUM_THREADS.       (line 6)
* Environment Variable <8>:              OMP_NESTED.            (line 6)
* Environment Variable <9>:              OMP_MAX_ACTIVE_LEVELS. (line 6)
* Environment Variable:                  OMP_DYNAMIC.           (line 6)
* FDL, GNU Free Documentation License:   GNU Free Documentation License.
                                                                (line 6)
* Implementation specific setting <1>:   GOMP_STACKSIZE.        (line 6)
* Implementation specific setting <2>:   OMP_SCHEDULE.          (line 6)
* Implementation specific setting <3>:   OMP_NUM_THREADS.       (line 6)
* Implementation specific setting:       OMP_NESTED.            (line 6)
* Introduction:                          Top.                   (line 6)



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