mknod - phpMan

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File: libc.info,  Node: Making Special Files,  Next: Temporary Files,  Prev: File Attributes,  Up: File System Interface

14.10 Making Special Files
==========================

The 'mknod' function is the primitive for making special files, such as
files that correspond to devices.  The GNU C Library includes this
function for compatibility with BSD.

   The prototype for 'mknod' is declared in 'sys/stat.h'.

 -- Function: int mknod (const char *FILENAME, mode_t MODE, dev_t DEV)
     Preliminary: | MT-Safe | AS-Safe | AC-Safe | *Note POSIX Safety
     Concepts::.

     The 'mknod' function makes a special file with name FILENAME.  The
     MODE specifies the mode of the file, and may include the various
     special file bits, such as 'S_IFCHR' (for a character special file)
     or 'S_IFBLK' (for a block special file).  *Note Testing File
     Type::.

     The DEV argument specifies which device the special file refers to.
     Its exact interpretation depends on the kind of special file being
     created.

     The return value is '0' on success and '-1' on error.  In addition
     to the usual file name errors (*note File Name Errors::), the
     following 'errno' error conditions are defined for this function:

     'EPERM'
          The calling process is not privileged.  Only the superuser can
          create special files.

     'ENOSPC'
          The directory or file system that would contain the new file
          is full and cannot be extended.

     'EROFS'
          The directory containing the new file can't be modified
          because it's on a read-only file system.

     'EEXIST'
          There is already a file named FILENAME.  If you want to
          replace this file, you must remove the old file explicitly
          first.


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