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BIND(2)                    Linux Programmer's Manual                   BIND(2)



NAME
       bind - bind a name to a socket

SYNOPSIS
       #include <sys/types.h>          /* See NOTES */
       #include <sys/socket.h>

       int bind(int sockfd, const struct sockaddr *addr,
                socklen_t addrlen);

DESCRIPTION
       When a socket is created with socket(2), it exists in a name space (address family)
       but has no address assigned to it.  bind() assigns the address specified to by addr
       to  the  socket  referred  to by the file descriptor sockfd.  addrlen specifies the
       size, in bytes, of the address structure pointed to by addr.   Traditionally,  this
       operation is called "assigning a name to a socket".

       It  is  normally  necessary  to  assign  a  local  address  using  bind()  before a
       SOCK_STREAM socket may receive connections (see accept(2)).

       The rules used in name binding vary between address families.  Consult  the  manual
       entries in Section 7 for detailed information.  For AF_INET see ip(7), for AF_INET6
       see ipv6(7), for AF_UNIX see unix(7), for AF_APPLETALK see  ddp(7),  for  AF_PACKET
       see packet(7), for AF_X25 see x25(7) and for AF_NETLINK see netlink(7).

       The  actual  structure passed for the addr argument will depend on the address fam-
       ily.  The sockaddr structure is defined as something like:

           struct sockaddr {
               sa_family_t sa_family;
               char        sa_data[14];
           }

       The only purpose of this structure is to cast the structure pointer passed in  addr
       in order to avoid compiler warnings.  See EXAMPLE below.

RETURN VALUE
       On success, zero is returned.  On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropri-
       ately.

ERRORS
       EACCES The address is protected, and the user is not the superuser.

       EADDRINUSE
              The given address is already in use.

       EBADF  sockfd is not a valid descriptor.

       EINVAL The socket is already bound to an address.

       ENOTSOCK
              sockfd is a descriptor for a file, not a socket.

       The following errors are specific to Unix domain (AF_UNIX) sockets:

       EACCES Search permission is denied on a component of the path  prefix.   (See  also
              path_resolution(7).)

       EADDRNOTAVAIL
              A  nonexistent  interface  was  requested  or  the requested address was not
              local.

       EFAULT addr points outside the user's accessible address space.

       EINVAL The addrlen is wrong, or the socket was not in the AF_UNIX family.

       ELOOP  Too many symbolic links were encountered in resolving addr.

       ENAMETOOLONG
              addr is too long.

       ENOENT The file does not exist.

       ENOMEM Insufficient kernel memory was available.

       ENOTDIR
              A component of the path prefix is not a directory.

       EROFS  The socket inode would reside on a read-only file system.

CONFORMING TO
       SVr4, 4.4BSD, POSIX.1-2001 (bind() first appeared in 4.2BSD).

NOTES
       POSIX.1-2001 does not require the inclusion of <sys/types.h>, and this header  file
       is  not required on Linux.  However, some historical (BSD) implementations required
       this header file, and portable applications are probably wise to include it.

       The third argument of bind() is in reality an int (and this is  what  4.x  BSD  and
       libc4  and  libc5  have).   Some POSIX confusion resulted in the present socklen_t,
       also used by glibc.  See also accept(2).

BUGS
       The transparent proxy options are not described.

EXAMPLE
       An example of the use of bind() with Internet domain sockets can be found in getad-
       drinfo(3).

       The  following  example  shows  how  to  bind a stream socket in the Unix (AF_UNIX)
       domain, and accept connections:

       #include <sys/socket.h>
       #include <sys/un.h>
       #include <stdlib.h>
       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <string.h>

       #define MY_SOCK_PATH "/somepath"
       #define LISTEN_BACKLOG 50

       #define handle_error(msg) \
           do { perror(msg); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } while (0)

       int
       main(int argc, char *argv[])
       {
           int sfd, cfd;
           struct sockaddr_un my_addr, peer_addr;
           socklen_t peer_addr_size;

           sfd = socket(AF_UNIX, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
           if (sfd == -1)
               handle_error("socket");

           memset(&my_addr, 0, sizeof(struct sockaddr_un));
                               /* Clear structure */
           my_addr.sun_family = AF_UNIX;
           strncpy(my_addr.sun_path, MY_SOCK_PATH,
                   sizeof(my_addr.sun_path) - 1);

           if (bind(sfd, (struct sockaddr *) &my_addr,
                   sizeof(struct sockaddr_un)) == -1)
               handle_error("bind");

           if (listen(sfd, LISTEN_BACKLOG) == -1)
               handle_error("listen");

           /* Now we can accept incoming connections one
              at a time using accept(2) */

           peer_addr_size = sizeof(struct sockaddr_un);
           cfd = accept(sfd, (struct sockaddr *) &peer_addr,
                        &peer_addr_size);
           if (cfd == -1)
               handle_error("accept");

           /* Code to deal with incoming connection(s)... */

           /* When no longer required, the socket pathname, MY_SOCK_PATH
              should be deleted using unlink(2) or remove(3) */
       }

SEE ALSO
       accept(2), connect(2), getsockname(2), listen(2), socket(2), getaddrinfo(3),  geti-
       faddrs(3), ip(7), ipv6(7), path_resolution(7), socket(7), unix(7)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 3.22 of the Linux man-pages project.  A description of
       the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at  http://www.ker-
       nel.org/doc/man-pages/.



Linux                             2007-12-28                           BIND(2)

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