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CP(1)                            User Commands                           CP(1)

       cp - copy files and directories

       cp [OPTION]... [-T] SOURCE DEST
       cp [OPTION]... -t DIRECTORY SOURCE...

       Copy SOURCE to DEST, or multiple SOURCE(s) to DIRECTORY.

       Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.

       -a, --archive
              same as -dR --preserve=all

              make a backup of each existing destination file

       -b     like --backup but does not accept an argument

              copy contents of special files when recursive

       -d     same as --no-dereference --preserve=links

       -f, --force
              if  an  existing  destination file cannot be opened, remove it and try again
              (redundant if the -n option is used)

       -i, --interactive
              prompt before overwrite (overrides a previous -n option)

       -H     follow command-line symbolic links in SOURCE

       -l, --link
              link files instead of copying

       -L, --dereference
              always follow symbolic links in SOURCE

       -n, --no-clobber
              do not overwrite an existing file (overrides a previous -i option)

       -P, --no-dereference
              never follow symbolic links in SOURCE

       -p     same as --preserve=mode,ownership,timestamps

              preserve the specified attributes (default:  mode,ownership,timestamps),  if
              possible additional attributes: context, links, xattr, all

       -c     same as --preserve=context

              don't preserve the specified attributes

              use full source file name under DIRECTORY

       -R, -r, --recursive
              copy directories recursively

              control clone/CoW copies. See below.

              remove each existing destination file before attempting to open it (contrast
              with --force)

              control creation of sparse files. See below.

              remove any trailing slashes from each SOURCE argument

       -s, --symbolic-link
              make symbolic links instead of copying

       -S, --suffix=SUFFIX
              override the usual backup suffix

       -t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY
              copy all SOURCE arguments into DIRECTORY

       -T, --no-target-directory
              treat DEST as a normal file

       -u, --update
              copy only when the SOURCE file is newer than the destination  file  or  when
              the destination file is missing

       -v, --verbose
              explain what is being done

       -x, --one-file-system
              stay on this file system

       -Z, --context=CONTEXT
              set security context of copy to CONTEXT

       --help display this help and exit

              output version information and exit

       By  default,  sparse  SOURCE files are detected by a crude heuristic and the corre-
       sponding DEST file is made sparse as  well.   That  is  the  behavior  selected  by
       --sparse=auto.   Specify  --sparse=always to create a sparse DEST file whenever the
       SOURCE file contains a long enough sequence of zero bytes.  Use  --sparse=never  to
       inhibit creation of sparse files.

       When  --reflink[=always]  is  specified, perform a lightweight copy, where the data
       blocks are copied only when modified.  If this is not possible the copy  fails,  or
       if --reflink=auto is specified, fall back to a standard copy.

       The  backup  suffix  is '~', unless set with --suffix or SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX.  The
       version control method may be selected via the --backup option or through the  VER-
       SION_CONTROL environment variable.  Here are the values:

       none, off
              never make backups (even if --backup is given)

       numbered, t
              make numbered backups

       existing, nil
              numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise

       simple, never
              always make simple backups

       As  a  special  case, cp makes a backup of SOURCE when the force and backup options
       are given and SOURCE and DEST are the same name for an existing, regular file.

       Written by Torbjorn Granlund, David MacKenzie, and Jim Meyering.

       Report cp bugs to bug-coreutils AT gnu.org
       GNU coreutils home page: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
       General help using GNU software: <http://www.gnu.org/gethelp/>
       Report cp translation bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/>

       Copyright (C) 2010 Free Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version  3
       or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
       This  is  free  software:  you are free to change and redistribute it.  There is NO
       WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

       The full documentation for cp is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If the  info  and
       cp programs are properly installed at your site, the command

              info coreutils 'cp invocation'

       should give you access to the complete manual.

GNU coreutils 8.4                 March 2017                             CP(1)

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