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CHARMAP(5)                     Linux User Manual                    CHARMAP(5)



NAME
       charmap - character symbols to define character encodings

DESCRIPTION
       A  character set description (charmap) defines a character set of available charac-
       ters and their encodings.  All supported character sets should  have  the  portable
       character set as a proper subset.

   Syntax
       The charmap file starts with a header, that may consist of the following keywords:

       <codeset>
              is followed by the name of the codeset.

       <mb_cur_max>
              is followed by the max number of bytes for a multibyte-character.  Multibyte
              characters are currently not supported.  The default value is 1.

       <mb_cur_min>
              is followed by the min number of bytes for a character.  This value must  be
              less or equal than mb_cur_max.  If not specified, it defaults to mb_cur_max.

       <escape_char>
              is followed by a character that should be used as the  escape-character  for
              the rest of the file to mark characters that should be interpreted in a spe-
              cial way.  It defaults to the backslash ( \ ).

       <comment_char>
              is followed by a character that will be used as  the  comment-character  for
              the rest of the file.  It defaults to the number sign ( # ).

       The charmap-definition itself starts with the keyword CHARMAP in column 1.

       The  following  lines may have one of the two following forms to define the charac-
       ter-encodings:

       <symbolic-name> <encoding> <comments>
              This form defines exactly one character and its encoding.

       <symbolic-name>...<symbolic-name> <encoding> <comments>
              This form defines a couple of characters.  This is only  useful  for  multi-
              byte-characters, which are currently not implemented.

       The last line in a charmap-definition file must contain END CHARMAP.

   Symbolic Names
       A  symbolic name for a character contains only characters of the portable character
       set.  The name itself is enclosed between angle brackets.  Characters following  an
       <escape_char>  are  interpreted  as itself; for example, the sequence <\\\>> repre-
       sents the symbolic name \> enclosed in angle brackets.

   Character Encoding
       The encoding may be in each of the following three forms:

       <escape_char>d<number>
              with a decimal number

       <escape_char>x<number>
              with a hexadecimal number

       <escape_char><number>
              with an octal number.

FILES
       /usr/share/i18n/charmaps/*

CONFORMING TO
       POSIX.2.

SEE ALSO
       locale(1), localedef(1), localeconv(3), setlocale(3), locale(5)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 3.22 of the Linux man-pages project.  A description of
       the  project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.ker-
       nel.org/doc/man-pages/.



                                  1994-11-28                        CHARMAP(5)

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