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FNMATCH(3)                 Linux Programmer's Manual                FNMATCH(3)



NAME
       fnmatch - match filename or pathname

SYNOPSIS
       #include <fnmatch.h>

       int fnmatch(const char *pattern, const char *string, int flags);

DESCRIPTION
       The fnmatch() function checks whether the string argument matches the pattern argu-
       ment, which is a shell wildcard pattern.

       The flags argument modifies the behavior; it is the bitwise OR of zero or  more  of
       the following flags:

       FNM_NOESCAPE
              If this flag is set, treat backslash as an ordinary character, instead of an
              escape character.

       FNM_PATHNAME
              If this flag is set, match a slash in string only with a  slash  in  pattern
              and  not  by  an asterisk (*) or a question mark (?) metacharacter, nor by a
              bracket expression ([]) containing a slash.

       FNM_PERIOD
              If this flag is set, a leading period in string has to be matched exactly by
              a  period  in  pattern.   A  period is considered to be leading if it is the
              first character in string, or if both FNM_PATHNAME is  set  and  the  period
              immediately follows a slash.

       FNM_FILE_NAME
              This is a GNU synonym for FNM_PATHNAME.

       FNM_LEADING_DIR
              If  this  flag  (a  GNU  extension)  is set, the pattern is considered to be
              matched if it matches an initial segment of string which is  followed  by  a
              slash.  This flag is mainly for the internal use of glibc and is only imple-
              mented in certain cases.

       FNM_CASEFOLD
              If this flag (a GNU extension) is set, the pattern is matched  case-insensi-
              tively.

RETURN VALUE
       Zero  if  string  matches pattern, FNM_NOMATCH if there is no match or another non-
       zero value if there is an error.

CONFORMING TO
       POSIX.2.  The FNM_FILE_NAME, FNM_LEADING_DIR, and FNM_CASEFOLD flags are GNU exten-
       sions.

SEE ALSO
       sh(1), glob(3), scandir(3), wordexp(3), glob(7)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 3.22 of the Linux man-pages project.  A description of
       the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at  http://www.ker-
       nel.org/doc/man-pages/.



GNU                               2000-10-15                        FNMATCH(3)

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