join(1) - phpMan

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JOIN(1)                                   User Commands                                   JOIN(1)

       join - join lines of two files on a common field

       join [OPTION]... FILE1 FILE2

       For  each pair of input lines with identical join fields, write a line to standard output.
       The default join field is the first, delimited by whitespace.  When FILE1  or  FILE2  (not
       both) is -, read standard input.

       -a FILENUM
              also print unpairable lines from file FILENUM, where FILENUM is 1 or 2, correspond-
              ing to FILE1 or FILE2

       -e EMPTY
              replace missing input fields with EMPTY

       -i, --ignore-case
              ignore differences in case when comparing fields

       -j FIELD
              equivalent to '-1 FIELD -2 FIELD'

       -o FORMAT
              obey FORMAT while constructing output line

       -t CHAR
              use CHAR as input and output field separator

       -v FILENUM
              like -a FILENUM, but suppress joined output lines

       -1 FIELD
              join on this FIELD of file 1

       -2 FIELD
              join on this FIELD of file 2

              check that the input is correctly sorted, even if all input lines are pairable

              do not check that the input is correctly sorted

              treat the first line in each file as field headers, print them  without  trying  to
              pair them

       -z, --zero-terminated
              end lines with 0 byte, not newline

       --help display this help and exit

              output version information and exit

       Unless  -t  CHAR is given, leading blanks separate fields and are ignored, else fields are
       separated by CHAR.  Any FIELD is a field number counted from 1.  FORMAT  is  one  or  more
       comma  or blank separated specifications, each being 'FILENUM.FIELD' or '0'.  Default FOR-
       MAT outputs the join field, the remaining fields from FILE1,  the  remaining  fields  from
       FILE2,  all  separated  by  CHAR.  If FORMAT is the keyword 'auto', then the first line of
       each file determines the number of fields output for each line.

       Important: FILE1 and FILE2 must be sorted on the join fields.  E.g., use "sort -k 1b,1" if
       'join'  has  no  options, or use "join -t ''" if 'sort' has no options.  Note, comparisons
       honor the rules specified by 'LC_COLLATE'.  If the input is not sorted and some lines can-
       not be joined, a warning message will be given.

       GNU  coreutils  online help: <> Report join transla-
       tion bugs to <>

       Written by Mike Haertel.

       Copyright (C) 2013 Free Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+: GNU GPL  version  3  or
       later <>.
       This  is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.  There is NO WARRANTY,
       to the extent permitted by law.

       comm(1), uniq(1)

       The full documentation for join is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If the info  and  join
       programs are properly installed at your site, the command

              info coreutils 'join invocation'

       should give you access to the complete manual.

GNU coreutils 8.22                        November 2016                                   JOIN(1)

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