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LN(1)                                     User Commands                                     LN(1)



NAME
       ln - make links between files

SYNOPSIS
       ln [OPTION]... [-T] TARGET LINK_NAME   (1st form)
       ln [OPTION]... TARGET                  (2nd form)
       ln [OPTION]... TARGET... DIRECTORY     (3rd form)
       ln [OPTION]... -t DIRECTORY TARGET...  (4th form)

DESCRIPTION
       In the 1st form, create a link to TARGET with the name LINK_NAME.  In the 2nd form, create
       a link to TARGET in the current directory.  In the 3rd and 4th forms, create links to each
       TARGET  in  DIRECTORY.   Create hard links by default, symbolic links with --symbolic.  By
       default, each destination (name of new link) should not already exist.  When creating hard
       links, each TARGET must exist.  Symbolic links can hold arbitrary text; if later resolved,
       a relative link is interpreted in relation to its parent directory.

       Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.

       --backup[=CONTROL]
              make a backup of each existing destination file

       -b     like --backup but does not accept an argument

       -d, -F, --directory
              allow the superuser to attempt to hard link directories (note: will  probably  fail
              due to system restrictions, even for the superuser)

       -f, --force
              remove existing destination files

       -i, --interactive
              prompt whether to remove destinations

       -L, --logical
              dereference TARGETs that are symbolic links

       -n, --no-dereference
              treat LINK_NAME as a normal file if it is a symbolic link to a directory

       -P, --physical
              make hard links directly to symbolic links

       -r, --relative
              create symbolic links relative to link location

       -s, --symbolic
              make symbolic links instead of hard links

       -S, --suffix=SUFFIX
              override the usual backup suffix

       -t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY
              specify the DIRECTORY in which to create the links

       -T, --no-target-directory
              treat LINK_NAME as a normal file always

       -v, --verbose
              print name of each linked file

       --help display this help and exit

       --version
              output version information and exit

       The  backup  suffix is '~', unless set with --suffix or SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX.  The version
       control method may be selected via the --backup  option  or  through  the  VERSION_CONTROL
       environment variable.  Here are the values:

       none, off
              never make backups (even if --backup is given)

       numbered, t
              make numbered backups

       existing, nil
              numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise

       simple, never
              always make simple backups

       Using -s ignores -L and -P.  Otherwise, the last option specified controls behavior when a
       TARGET is a symbolic link, defaulting to -P.

       GNU coreutils online help: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/> Report ln  translation
       bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/>

AUTHOR
       Written by Mike Parker and David MacKenzie.

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright  (C)  2013  Free Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or
       later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
       This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.  There is NO  WARRANTY,
       to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO
       link(2), symlink(2)

       The  full documentation for ln is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If the info and ln pro-
       grams are properly installed at your site, the command

              info coreutils 'ln invocation'

       should give you access to the complete manual.



GNU coreutils 8.22                        November 2016                                     LN(1)

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