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LN(1)                            User Commands                           LN(1)



NAME
       ln - make links between files

SYNOPSIS
       ln [OPTION]... [-T] TARGET LINK_NAME   (1st form)
       ln [OPTION]... TARGET                  (2nd form)
       ln [OPTION]... TARGET... DIRECTORY     (3rd form)
       ln [OPTION]... -t DIRECTORY TARGET...  (4th form)

DESCRIPTION
       In the 1st form, create a link to TARGET with the name LINK_NAME.  In the 2nd form,
       create a link to TARGET in the current directory.  In the 3rd and 4th forms, create
       links  to  each  TARGET in DIRECTORY.  Create hard links by default, symbolic links
       with --symbolic.  When creating hard links, each TARGET must exist.  Symbolic links
       can hold arbitrary text; if later resolved, a relative link is interpreted in rela-
       tion to its parent directory.

       Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.

       --backup[=CONTROL]
              make a backup of each existing destination file

       -b     like --backup but does not accept an argument

       -d, -F, --directory
              allow the superuser to attempt to hard link directories (note: will probably
              fail due to system restrictions, even for the superuser)

       -f, --force
              remove existing destination files

       -i, --interactive
              prompt whether to remove destinations

       -L, --logical
              make hard links to symbolic link references

       -n, --no-dereference
              treat  destination  that  is a symlink to a directory as if it were a normal
              file

       -P, --physical
              make hard links directly to symbolic links

       -s, --symbolic
              make symbolic links instead of hard links

       -S, --suffix=SUFFIX
              override the usual backup suffix

       -t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY
              specify the DIRECTORY in which to create the links

       -T, --no-target-directory
              treat LINK_NAME as a normal file

       -v, --verbose
              print name of each linked file

       --help display this help and exit

       --version
              output version information and exit

       The backup suffix is '~', unless set with --suffix  or  SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX.   The
       version  control method may be selected via the --backup option or through the VER-
       SION_CONTROL environment variable.  Here are the values:

       Using -s ignores -L and -P.  Otherwise, the last option specified controls behavior
       when the source is a symbolic link, defaulting to -P.

       none, off
              never make backups (even if --backup is given)

       numbered, t
              make numbered backups

       existing, nil
              numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise

       simple, never
              always make simple backups

AUTHOR
       Written by Mike Parker and David MacKenzie.

REPORTING BUGS
       Report ln bugs to bug-coreutils AT gnu.org
       GNU coreutils home page: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
       General help using GNU software: <http://www.gnu.org/gethelp/>
       Report ln translation bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/>

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright  (C) 2010 Free Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3
       or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
       This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute  it.   There  is  NO
       WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO
       link(2), symlink(2)

       The  full  documentation for ln is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If the info and
       ln programs are properly installed at your site, the command

              info coreutils 'ln invocation'

       should give you access to the complete manual.



GNU coreutils 8.4                 March 2017                             LN(1)

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