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REMOVE(3)                  Linux Programmer's Manual                 REMOVE(3)

       remove - remove a file or directory

       #include <stdio.h>

       int remove(const char *pathname);

       remove()  deletes  a  name from the file system.  It calls unlink(2) for files, and
       rmdir(2) for directories.

       If the removed name was the last link to a file and  no  processes  have  the  file
       open, the file is deleted and the space it was using is made available for reuse.

       If  the  name  was  the  last link to a file, but any processes still have the file
       open, the file will remain in existence until the last file descriptor referring to
       it is closed.

       If the name referred to a symbolic link, the link is removed.

       If  the  name  referred to a socket, FIFO, or device, the name is removed, but pro-
       cesses which have the object open may continue to use it.

       On success, zero is returned.  On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropri-

       The errors that occur are those for unlink(2) and rmdir(2).

       C89, C99, 4.3BSD, POSIX.1-2001.

       Under  libc4  and  libc5,  remove() was an alias for unlink(2) (and hence would not
       remove directories).

       Infelicities in the protocol underlying NFS can cause the unexpected  disappearance
       of files which are still being used.

       rm(1),  unlink(1),  link(2),  mknod(2),  open(2),  rename(2),  rmdir(2), unlink(2),
       mkfifo(3), symlink(7)

       This page is part of release 3.22 of the Linux man-pages project.  A description of
       the  project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.ker-

GNU                               2008-12-03                         REMOVE(3)

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