s_server(1) - phpMan

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S_SERVER(1)                         OpenSSL                        S_SERVER(1)



NAME
       s_server - SSL/TLS server program

SYNOPSIS
       openssl s_server [-accept port] [-context id] [-verify depth] [-Verify depth]
       [-crl_check] [-crl_check_all] [-cert filename] [-certform DER|PEM] [-key keyfile]
       [-keyform DER|PEM] [-pass arg] [-dcert filename] [-dcertform DER|PEM] [-dkey
       keyfile] [-dkeyform DER|PEM] [-dpass arg] [-dhparam filename] [-nbio] [-nbio_test]
       [-crlf] [-debug] [-msg] [-state] [-CApath directory] [-CAfile filename]
       [-trusted_first] [-krb5svc service] [-keytab filename] [-nocert] [-cipher
       cipherlist] [-quiet] [-no_tmp_rsa] [-ssl2] [-ssl3] [-tls1] [-tls1_1] [-tls1_2]
       [-dtls1] [-no_ssl2] [-no_ssl3] [-no_tls1] [-no_tls1_1] [-no_tls1_2] [-no_dhe]
       [-no_ecdhe] [-bugs] [-hack] [-www] [-WWW] [-HTTP] [-engine id] [-tlsextdebug]
       [-no_ticket] [-id_prefix arg] [-rand file(s)] [-nextprotoneg protocols]

DESCRIPTION
       The s_server command implements a generic SSL/TLS server which listens for
       connections on a given port using SSL/TLS.

OPTIONS
       -accept port
           the TCP port to listen on for connections. If not specified 4433 is used.

       -context id
           sets the SSL context id. It can be given any string value. If this option is
           not present a default value will be used.

       -cert certname
           The certificate to use, most servers cipher suites require the use of a
           certificate and some require a certificate with a certain public key type: for
           example the DSS cipher suites require a certificate containing a DSS (DSA) key.
           If not specified then the filename "server.pem" will be used.

       -certform format
           The certificate format to use: DER or PEM. PEM is the default.

       -key keyfile
           The private key to use. If not specified then the certificate file will be
           used.

       -keyform format
           The private format to use: DER or PEM. PEM is the default.

       -pass arg
           the private key password source. For more information about the format of arg
           see the PASS PHRASE ARGUMENTS section in openssl(1).

       -dcert filename, -dkey keyname
           specify an additional certificate and private key, these behave in the same
           manner as the -cert and -key options except there is no default if they are not
           specified (no additional certificate and key is used). As noted above some
           cipher suites require a certificate containing a key of a certain type. Some
           cipher suites need a certificate carrying an RSA key and some a DSS (DSA) key.
           By using RSA and DSS certificates and keys a server can support clients which
           only support RSA or DSS cipher suites by using an appropriate certificate.

       -dcertform format, -dkeyform format, -dpass arg
           addtional certificate and private key format and passphrase respectively.

       -nocert
           if this option is set then no certificate is used. This restricts the cipher
           suites available to the anonymous ones (currently just anonymous DH).

       -dhparam filename
           the DH parameter file to use. The ephemeral DH cipher suites generate keys
           using a set of DH parameters. If not specified then an attempt is made to load
           the parameters from the server certificate file. If this fails then a static
           set of parameters hard coded into the s_server program will be used.

       -no_dhe
           if this option is set then no DH parameters will be loaded effectively
           disabling the ephemeral DH cipher suites.

       -no_ecdhe
           if this option is set then ephemeral ECDH cipher suites will be disabled.

       -no_tmp_rsa
           certain export cipher suites sometimes use a temporary RSA key, this option
           disables temporary RSA key generation.

       -verify depth, -Verify depth
           The verify depth to use. This specifies the maximum length of the client
           certificate chain and makes the server request a certificate from the client.
           With the -verify option a certificate is requested but the client does not have
           to send one, with the -Verify option the client must supply a certificate or an
           error occurs.

       -crl_check, -crl_check_all
           Check the peer certificate has not been revoked by its CA.  The CRL(s) are
           appended to the certificate file. With the -crl_check_all option all CRLs of
           all CAs in the chain are checked.

       -CApath directory
           The directory to use for client certificate verification. This directory must
           be in "hash format", see verify for more information. These are also used when
           building the server certificate chain.

       -CAfile file
           A file containing trusted certificates to use during client authentication and
           to use when attempting to build the server certificate chain. The list is also
           used in the list of acceptable client CAs passed to the client when a
           certificate is requested.

       -trusted_first
           Use certificates in CA file or CA directory before other certificates when
           building the trust chain to verify client certificates.  This is mainly useful
           in environments with Bridge CA or Cross-Certified CAs.

       -krb5svc service
           the Kerberos service name to use (default "host"). This means s_server will
           expect a ticket for the principal service/hostname@REALM, and will need keys
           for that principal in its keytab.

       -keytab filename
           the Kerberos "keytab" (key table) file, containing keys for the s_server
           service principal (Kerberos identity; see -krb5svc).

       -state
           prints out the SSL session states.

       -debug
           print extensive debugging information including a hex dump of all traffic.

       -msg
           show all protocol messages with hex dump.

       -nbio_test
           tests non blocking I/O

       -nbio
           turns on non blocking I/O

       -crlf
           this option translated a line feed from the terminal into CR+LF.

       -quiet
           inhibit printing of session and certificate information.

       -psk_hint hint
           Use the PSK identity hint hint when using a PSK cipher suite.

       -psk key
           Use the PSK key key when using a PSK cipher suite. The key is given as a
           hexadecimal number without leading 0x, for example -psk 1a2b3c4d.

       -ssl2, -ssl3, -tls1, -tls1_1, -tls1_2, -dtls1, -no_ssl2, -no_ssl3, -no_tls1,
       -no_tls1_1, -no_tls1_2
           these options disable the use of certain SSL or TLS protocols. By default the
           initial handshake uses a method which should be compatible with all servers and
           permit them to use SSL v3, SSL v2 or TLS as appropriate.

       -bugs
           there are several known bug in SSL and TLS implementations. Adding this option
           enables various workarounds.

       -hack
           this option enables a further workaround for some some early Netscape SSL code
           (?).

       -cipher cipherlist
           this allows the cipher list used by the server to be modified.  When the client
           sends a list of supported ciphers the first client cipher also included in the
           server list is used. Because the client specifies the preference order, the
           order of the server cipherlist irrelevant. See the ciphers command for more
           information.

       -tlsextdebug
           print out a hex dump of any TLS extensions received from the server.

       -no_ticket
           disable RFC4507bis session ticket support.

       -www
           sends a status message back to the client when it connects. This includes lots
           of information about the ciphers used and various session parameters.  The
           output is in HTML format so this option will normally be used with a web
           browser.

       -WWW
           emulates a simple web server. Pages will be resolved relative to the current
           directory, for example if the URL https://myhost/page.html is requested the
           file ./page.html will be loaded.

       -HTTP
           emulates a simple web server. Pages will be resolved relative to the current
           directory, for example if the URL https://myhost/page.html is requested the
           file ./page.html will be loaded. The files loaded are assumed to contain a
           complete and correct HTTP response (lines that are part of the HTTP response
           line and headers must end with CRLF).

       -engine id
           specifying an engine (by its unique id string) will cause s_server to attempt
           to obtain a functional reference to the specified engine, thus initialising it
           if needed. The engine will then be set as the default for all available
           algorithms.

       -id_prefix arg
           generate SSL/TLS session IDs prefixed by arg. This is mostly useful for testing
           any SSL/TLS code (eg. proxies) that wish to deal with multiple servers, when
           each of which might be generating a unique range of session IDs (eg. with a
           certain prefix).

       -rand file(s)
           a file or files containing random data used to seed the random number
           generator, or an EGD socket (see RAND_egd(3)).  Multiple files can be specified
           separated by a OS-dependent character.  The separator is ; for MS-Windows, ,
           for OpenVMS, and : for all others.

       -nextprotoneg protocols
           enable Next Protocol Negotiation TLS extension and provide a comma-separated
           list of supported protocol names.  The list should contain most wanted
           protocols first.  Protocol names are printable ASCII strings, for example
           "http/1.1" or "spdy/3".

CONNECTED COMMANDS
       If a connection request is established with an SSL client and neither the -www nor
       the -WWW option has been used then normally any data received from the client is
       displayed and any key presses will be sent to the client.

       Certain single letter commands are also recognized which perform special
       operations: these are listed below.

       q   end the current SSL connection but still accept new connections.

       Q   end the current SSL connection and exit.

       r   renegotiate the SSL session.

       R   renegotiate the SSL session and request a client certificate.

       P   send some plain text down the underlying TCP connection: this should cause the
           client to disconnect due to a protocol violation.

       S   print out some session cache status information.

NOTES
       s_server can be used to debug SSL clients. To accept connections from a web browser
       the command:

        openssl s_server -accept 443 -www

       can be used for example.

       Most web browsers (in particular Netscape and MSIE) only support RSA cipher suites,
       so they cannot connect to servers which don't use a certificate carrying an RSA key
       or a version of OpenSSL with RSA disabled.

       Although specifying an empty list of CAs when requesting a client certificate is
       strictly speaking a protocol violation, some SSL clients interpret this to mean any
       CA is acceptable. This is useful for debugging purposes.

       The session parameters can printed out using the sess_id program.

BUGS
       Because this program has a lot of options and also because some of the techniques
       used are rather old, the C source of s_server is rather hard to read and not a
       model of how things should be done. A typical SSL server program would be much
       simpler.

       The output of common ciphers is wrong: it just gives the list of ciphers that
       OpenSSL recognizes and the client supports.

       There should be a way for the s_server program to print out details of any unknown
       cipher suites a client says it supports.

SEE ALSO
       sess_id(1), s_client(1), ciphers(1)



1.0.1e                            2017-03-22                       S_SERVER(1)

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