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SSH_CONFIG(5)                        BSD File Formats Manual                        SSH_CONFIG(5)

NAME
     ssh_config -- OpenSSH SSH client configuration files

SYNOPSIS
     ~/.ssh/config
     /etc/ssh/ssh_config

DESCRIPTION
     ssh(1) obtains configuration data from the following sources in the following order:

           1.   command-line options
           2.   user's configuration file (~/.ssh/config)
           3.   system-wide configuration file (/etc/ssh/ssh_config)

     For each parameter, the first obtained value will be used.  The configuration files contain
     sections separated by Host specifications, and that section is only applied for hosts that
     match one of the patterns given in the specification.  The matched host name is usually the
     one given on the command line (see the CanonicalizeHostname option for exceptions).

     Since the first obtained value for each parameter is used, more host-specific declarations
     should be given near the beginning of the file, and general defaults at the end.

     The file contains keyword-argument pairs, one per line.  Lines starting with `#' and empty
     lines are interpreted as comments.  Arguments may optionally be enclosed in double quotes
     (") in order to represent arguments containing spaces.  Configuration options may be sepa-
     rated by whitespace or optional whitespace and exactly one `='; the latter format is useful
     to avoid the need to quote whitespace when specifying configuration options using the ssh,
     scp, and sftp -o option.

     The possible keywords and their meanings are as follows (note that keywords are case-insen-
     sitive and arguments are case-sensitive):

     Host    Restricts the following declarations (up to the next Host or Match keyword) to be
             only for those hosts that match one of the patterns given after the keyword.  If
             more than one pattern is provided, they should be separated by whitespace.  A single
             `*' as a pattern can be used to provide global defaults for all hosts.  The host is
             usually the hostname argument given on the command line (see the
             CanonicalizeHostname keyword for exceptions).

             A pattern entry may be negated by prefixing it with an exclamation mark (`!').  If a
             negated entry is matched, then the Host entry is ignored, regardless of whether any
             other patterns on the line match.  Negated matches are therefore useful to provide
             exceptions for wildcard matches.

             See PATTERNS for more information on patterns.

     Match   Restricts the following declarations (up to the next Host or Match keyword) to be
             used only when the conditions following the Match keyword are satisfied.  Match con-
             ditions are specified using one or more criteria or the single token all which
             always matches.  The available criteria keywords are: canonical, exec, host,
             originalhost, user, and localuser.  The all criteria must appear alone or immedi-
             ately after canonical.  Other criteria may be combined arbitrarily.  All criteria
             but all and canonical require an argument.  Criteria may be negated by prepending an
             exclamation mark (`!').

             The canonical keyword matches only when the configuration file is being re-parsed
             after hostname canonicalization (see the CanonicalizeHostname option.)  This may be
             useful to specify conditions that work with canonical host names only.  The exec
             keyword executes the specified command under the user's shell.  If the command
             returns a zero exit status then the condition is considered true.  Commands contain-
             ing whitespace characters must be quoted.  Arguments to exec accept the tokens
             described in the TOKENS section.

             The other keywords' criteria must be single entries or comma-separated lists and may
             use the wildcard and negation operators described in the PATTERNS section.  The cri-
             teria for the host keyword are matched against the target hostname, after any sub-
             stitution by the Hostname or CanonicalizeHostname options.  The originalhost keyword
             matches against the hostname as it was specified on the command-line.  The user key-
             word matches against the target username on the remote host.  The localuser keyword
             matches against the name of the local user running ssh(1) (this keyword may be use-
             ful in system-wide ssh_config files).

     AddKeysToAgent
             Specifies whether keys should be automatically added to a running ssh-agent(1).  If
             this option is set to yes and a key is loaded from a file, the key and its
             passphrase are added to the agent with the default lifetime, as if by ssh-add(1).
             If this option is set to ask, ssh(1) will require confirmation using the SSH_ASKPASS
             program before adding a key (see ssh-add(1) for details).  If this option is set to
             confirm, each use of the key must be confirmed, as if the -c option was specified to
             ssh-add(1).  If this option is set to no, no keys are added to the agent.  The argu-
             ment must be yes, confirm, ask, or no (the default).

     AddressFamily
             Specifies which address family to use when connecting.  Valid arguments are any (the
             default), inet (use IPv4 only), or inet6 (use IPv6 only).

     BatchMode
             If set to yes, passphrase/password querying will be disabled.  This option is useful
             in scripts and other batch jobs where no user is present to supply the password.
             The argument must be yes or no (the default).

     BindAddress
             Use the specified address on the local machine as the source address of the connec-
             tion.  Only useful on systems with more than one address.  Note that this option
             does not work if UsePrivilegedPort is set to yes.

     CanonicalDomains
             When CanonicalizeHostname is enabled, this option specifies the list of domain suf-
             fixes in which to search for the specified destination host.

     CanonicalizeFallbackLocal
             Specifies whether to fail with an error when hostname canonicalization fails.  The
             default, yes, will attempt to look up the unqualified hostname using the system
             resolver's search rules.  A value of no will cause ssh(1) to fail instantly if
             CanonicalizeHostname is enabled and the target hostname cannot be found in any of
             the domains specified by CanonicalDomains.

     CanonicalizeHostname
             Controls whether explicit hostname canonicalization is performed.  The default, no,
             is not to perform any name rewriting and let the system resolver handle all hostname
             lookups.  If set to yes then, for connections that do not use a ProxyCommand, ssh(1)
             will attempt to canonicalize the hostname specified on the command line using the
             CanonicalDomains suffixes and CanonicalizePermittedCNAMEs rules.  If
             CanonicalizeHostname is set to always, then canonicalization is applied to proxied
             connections too.

             If this option is enabled, then the configuration files are processed again using
             the new target name to pick up any new configuration in matching Host and Match
             stanzas.

     CanonicalizeMaxDots
             Specifies the maximum number of dot characters in a hostname before canonicalization
             is disabled.  The default, 1, allows a single dot (i.e. hostname.subdomain).

     CanonicalizePermittedCNAMEs
             Specifies rules to determine whether CNAMEs should be followed when canonicalizing
             hostnames.  The rules consist of one or more arguments of
             source_domain_list:target_domain_list, where source_domain_list is a pattern-list of
             domains that may follow CNAMEs in canonicalization, and target_domain_list is a pat-
             tern-list of domains that they may resolve to.

             For example, "*.a.example.com:*.b.example.com,*.c.example.com" will allow hostnames
             matching "*.a.example.com" to be canonicalized to names in the "*.b.example.com" or
             "*.c.example.com" domains.

     CertificateFile
             Specifies a file from which the user's certificate is read.  A corresponding private
             key must be provided separately in order to use this certificate either from an
             IdentityFile directive or -i flag to ssh(1), via ssh-agent(1), or via a
             PKCS11Provider.

             Arguments to CertificateFile may use the tilde syntax to refer to a user's home
             directory or the tokens described in the TOKENS section.

             It is possible to have multiple certificate files specified in configuration files;
             these certificates will be tried in sequence.  Multiple CertificateFile directives
             will add to the list of certificates used for authentication.

     ChallengeResponseAuthentication
             Specifies whether to use challenge-response authentication.  The argument to this
             keyword must be yes (the default) or no.

     CheckHostIP
             If set to yes (the default), ssh(1) will additionally check the host IP address in
             the known_hosts file.  This allows it to detect if a host key changed due to DNS
             spoofing and will add addresses of destination hosts to ~/.ssh/known_hosts in the
             process, regardless of the setting of StrictHostKeyChecking.  If the option is set
             to no, the check will not be executed.

     Cipher  Specifies the cipher to use for encrypting the session in protocol version 1.  Cur-
             rently, blowfish, 3des (the default), and des are supported, though des is only sup-
             ported in the ssh(1) client for interoperability with legacy protocol 1 implementa-
             tions; its use is strongly discouraged due to cryptographic weaknesses.

     Ciphers
             Specifies the ciphers allowed for protocol version 2 in order of preference.  Multi-
             ple ciphers must be comma-separated.  If the specified value begins with a `+' char-
             acter, then the specified ciphers will be appended to the default set instead of
             replacing them.

             The supported ciphers are:

                   3des-cbc
                   aes128-cbc
                   aes192-cbc
                   aes256-cbc
                   aes128-ctr
                   aes192-ctr
                   aes256-ctr
                   aes128-gcm AT openssh.com
                   aes256-gcm AT openssh.com
                   arcfour
                   arcfour128
                   arcfour256
                   blowfish-cbc
                   cast128-cbc
                   chacha20-poly1305 AT openssh.com

             The default is:

                   chacha20-poly1305 AT openssh.com,
                   aes128-ctr,aes192-ctr,aes256-ctr,
                   aes128-gcm AT openssh.com,aes256-gcm AT openssh.com,
                   aes128-cbc,aes192-cbc,aes256-cbc

             The list of available ciphers may also be obtained using "ssh -Q cipher".

     ClearAllForwardings
             Specifies that all local, remote, and dynamic port forwardings specified in the con-
             figuration files or on the command line be cleared.  This option is primarily useful
             when used from the ssh(1) command line to clear port forwardings set in configura-
             tion files, and is automatically set by scp(1) and sftp(1).  The argument must be
             yes or no (the default).

     Compression
             Specifies whether to use compression.  The argument must be yes or no (the default).

     CompressionLevel
             Specifies the compression level to use if compression is enabled.  The argument must
             be an integer from 1 (fast) to 9 (slow, best).  The default level is 6, which is
             good for most applications.  The meaning of the values is the same as in gzip(1).
             Note that this option applies to protocol version 1 only.

     ConnectionAttempts
             Specifies the number of tries (one per second) to make before exiting.  The argument
             must be an integer.  This may be useful in scripts if the connection sometimes
             fails.  The default is 1.

     ConnectTimeout
             Specifies the timeout (in seconds) used when connecting to the SSH server, instead
             of using the default system TCP timeout.  This value is used only when the target is
             down or really unreachable, not when it refuses the connection.

     ControlMaster
             Enables the sharing of multiple sessions over a single network connection.  When set
             to yes, ssh(1) will listen for connections on a control socket specified using the
             ControlPath argument.  Additional sessions can connect to this socket using the same
             ControlPath with ControlMaster set to no (the default).  These sessions will try to
             reuse the master instance's network connection rather than initiating new ones, but
             will fall back to connecting normally if the control socket does not exist, or is
             not listening.

             Setting this to ask will cause ssh(1) to listen for control connections, but require
             confirmation using ssh-askpass(1).  If the ControlPath cannot be opened, ssh(1) will
             continue without connecting to a master instance.

             X11 and ssh-agent(1) forwarding is supported over these multiplexed connections,
             however the display and agent forwarded will be the one belonging to the master con-
             nection i.e. it is not possible to forward multiple displays or agents.

             Two additional options allow for opportunistic multiplexing: try to use a master
             connection but fall back to creating a new one if one does not already exist.  These
             options are: auto and autoask.  The latter requires confirmation like the ask
             option.

     ControlPath
             Specify the path to the control socket used for connection sharing as described in
             the ControlMaster section above or the string none to disable connection sharing.
             Arguments to ControlPath may use the tilde syntax to refer to a user's home direc-
             tory or the tokens described in the TOKENS section.  It is recommended that any
             ControlPath used for opportunistic connection sharing include at least %h, %p, and
             %r (or alternatively %C) and be placed in a directory that is not writable by other
             users.  This ensures that shared connections are uniquely identified.

     ControlPersist
             When used in conjunction with ControlMaster, specifies that the master connection
             should remain open in the background (waiting for future client connections) after
             the initial client connection has been closed.  If set to no, then the master con-
             nection will not be placed into the background, and will close as soon as the ini-
             tial client connection is closed.  If set to yes or 0, then the master connection
             will remain in the background indefinitely (until killed or closed via a mechanism
             such as the "ssh -O exit").  If set to a time in seconds, or a time in any of the
             formats documented in sshd_config(5), then the backgrounded master connection will
             automatically terminate after it has remained idle (with no client connections) for
             the specified time.

     DynamicForward
             Specifies that a TCP port on the local machine be forwarded over the secure channel,
             and the application protocol is then used to determine where to connect to from the
             remote machine.

             The argument must be [bind_address:]port.  IPv6 addresses can be specified by
             enclosing addresses in square brackets.  By default, the local port is bound in
             accordance with the GatewayPorts setting.  However, an explicit bind_address may be
             used to bind the connection to a specific address.  The bind_address of localhost
             indicates that the listening port be bound for local use only, while an empty
             address or `*' indicates that the port should be available from all interfaces.

             Currently the SOCKS4 and SOCKS5 protocols are supported, and ssh(1) will act as a
             SOCKS server.  Multiple forwardings may be specified, and additional forwardings can
             be given on the command line.  Only the superuser can forward privileged ports.

     EnableSSHKeysign
             Setting this option to yes in the global client configuration file
             /etc/ssh/ssh_config enables the use of the helper program ssh-keysign(8) during
             HostbasedAuthentication.  The argument must be yes or no (the default).  This option
             should be placed in the non-hostspecific section.  See ssh-keysign(8) for more
             information.

     EscapeChar
             Sets the escape character (default: `~').  The escape character can also be set on
             the command line.  The argument should be a single character, `^' followed by a let-
             ter, or none to disable the escape character entirely (making the connection trans-
             parent for binary data).

     ExitOnForwardFailure
             Specifies whether ssh(1) should terminate the connection if it cannot set up all
             requested dynamic, tunnel, local, and remote port forwardings, (e.g. if either end
             is unable to bind and listen on a specified port).  Note that ExitOnForwardFailure
             does not apply to connections made over port forwardings and will not, for example,
             cause ssh(1) to exit if TCP connections to the ultimate forwarding destination fail.
             The argument must be yes or no (the default).

     FingerprintHash
             Specifies the hash algorithms used when displaying key fingerprints.  Valid options
             are: md5 and sha256.  The default is sha256 md5.

     ForwardAgent
             Specifies whether the connection to the authentication agent (if any) will be for-
             warded to the remote machine.  The argument must be yes or no (the default).

             Agent forwarding should be enabled with caution.  Users with the ability to bypass
             file permissions on the remote host (for the agent's Unix-domain socket) can access
             the local agent through the forwarded connection.  An attacker cannot obtain key
             material from the agent, however they can perform operations on the keys that enable
             them to authenticate using the identities loaded into the agent.

     ForwardX11
             Specifies whether X11 connections will be automatically redirected over the secure
             channel and DISPLAY set.  The argument must be yes or no (the default).

             X11 forwarding should be enabled with caution.  Users with the ability to bypass
             file permissions on the remote host (for the user's X11 authorization database) can
             access the local X11 display through the forwarded connection.  An attacker may then
             be able to perform activities such as keystroke monitoring if the ForwardX11Trusted
             option is also enabled.

     ForwardX11Timeout
             Specify a timeout for untrusted X11 forwarding using the format described in the
             TIME FORMATS section of sshd_config(5).  X11 connections received by ssh(1) after
             this time will be refused.  The default is to disable untrusted X11 forwarding after
             twenty minutes has elapsed.

     ForwardX11Trusted
             If this option is set to yes, remote X11 clients will have full access to the origi-
             nal X11 display.

             If this option is set to no (the default), remote X11 clients will be considered
             untrusted and prevented from stealing or tampering with data belonging to trusted
             X11 clients.  Furthermore, the xauth(1) token used for the session will be set to
             expire after 20 minutes.  Remote clients will be refused access after this time.

             See the X11 SECURITY extension specification for full details on the restrictions
             imposed on untrusted clients.

     GatewayPorts
             Specifies whether remote hosts are allowed to connect to local forwarded ports.  By
             default, ssh(1) binds local port forwardings to the loopback address.  This prevents
             other remote hosts from connecting to forwarded ports.  GatewayPorts can be used to
             specify that ssh should bind local port forwardings to the wildcard address, thus
             allowing remote hosts to connect to forwarded ports.  The argument must be yes or no
             (the default).

     GlobalKnownHostsFile
             Specifies one or more files to use for the global host key database, separated by
             whitespace.  The default is /etc/ssh/ssh_known_hosts, /etc/ssh/ssh_known_hosts2.

     GSSAPIAuthentication
             Specifies whether user authentication based on GSSAPI is allowed.  The default is
             no.

     GSSAPIClientIdentity
             If set, specifies the GSSAPI client identity that ssh should use when connecting to
             the server. The default is unset, which means that the default identity will be
             used.

     GSSAPIDelegateCredentials
             Forward (delegate) credentials to the server.  The default is no.

     GSSAPIKeyExchange
             Specifies whether key exchange based on GSSAPI may be used. When using GSSAPI key
             exchange the server need not have a host key.  The default is ``no''.

     GSSAPIRenewalForcesRekey
             If set to ``yes'' then renewal of the client's GSSAPI credentials will force the
             rekeying of the ssh connection. With a compatible server, this can delegate the
             renewed credentials to a session on the server.  The default is ``no''.

     GSSAPIServerIdentity
             If set, specifies the GSSAPI server identity that ssh should expect when connecting
             to the server. The default is unset, which means that the expected GSSAPI server
             identity will be determined from the target hostname.

     GSSAPITrustDns
             Set to ``yes to indicate that the DNS is trusted to securely canonicalize'' the name
             of the host being connected to. If ``no, the hostname entered on the'' command line
             will be passed untouched to the GSSAPI library.  The default is ``no''.

     GSSAPIKexAlgorithms
             The list of key exchange algorithms that are offered for GSSAPI key exchange. Possi-
             ble values are

                gss-gex-sha1-,
                gss-group1-sha1-,
                gss-group14-sha1-

             The default is ``gss-gex-sha1-,gss-group1-sha1-,gss-group14-sha1-''.  This option
             only applies to protocol version 2 connections using GSSAPI.

     HashKnownHosts
             Indicates that ssh(1) should hash host names and addresses when they are added to
             ~/.ssh/known_hosts.  These hashed names may be used normally by ssh(1) and sshd(8),
             but they do not reveal identifying information should the file's contents be dis-
             closed.  The default is no.  Note that existing names and addresses in known hosts
             files will not be converted automatically, but may be manually hashed using
             ssh-keygen(1).

     HostbasedAuthentication
             Specifies whether to try rhosts based authentication with public key authentication.
             The argument must be yes or no (the default).

     HostbasedKeyTypes
             Specifies the key types that will be used for hostbased authentication as a comma-
             separated pattern list.  Alternately if the specified value begins with a `+' char-
             acter, then the specified key types will be appended to the default set instead of
             replacing them.  The default for this option is:

                ecdsa-sha2-nistp256-cert-v01 AT openssh.com,
                ecdsa-sha2-nistp384-cert-v01 AT openssh.com,
                ecdsa-sha2-nistp521-cert-v01 AT openssh.com,
                ssh-ed25519-cert-v01 AT openssh.com,
                ssh-rsa-cert-v01 AT openssh.com,
                ssh-dss-cert-v01 AT openssh.com,
                ecdsa-sha2-nistp256,ecdsa-sha2-nistp384,ecdsa-sha2-nistp521,
                ssh-ed25519,ssh-rsa,ssh-dss

             The -Q option of ssh(1) may be used to list supported key types.

     HostKeyAlgorithms
             Specifies the host key algorithms that the client wants to use in order of prefer-
             ence.  Alternately if the specified value begins with a `+' character, then the
             specified key types will be appended to the default set instead of replacing them.
             The default for this option is:

                ecdsa-sha2-nistp256-cert-v01 AT openssh.com,
                ecdsa-sha2-nistp384-cert-v01 AT openssh.com,
                ecdsa-sha2-nistp521-cert-v01 AT openssh.com,
                ssh-ed25519-cert-v01 AT openssh.com,
                ssh-rsa-cert-v01 AT openssh.com,
                ssh-dss-cert-v01 AT openssh.com,
                ecdsa-sha2-nistp256,ecdsa-sha2-nistp384,ecdsa-sha2-nistp521,
                ssh-ed25519,ssh-rsa,ssh-dss

             If hostkeys are known for the destination host then this default is modified to pre-
             fer their algorithms.

             The list of available key types may also be obtained using "ssh -Q key".

     HostKeyAlias
             Specifies an alias that should be used instead of the real host name when looking up
             or saving the host key in the host key database files.  This option is useful for
             tunneling SSH connections or for multiple servers running on a single host.

     HostName
             Specifies the real host name to log into.  This can be used to specify nicknames or
             abbreviations for hosts.  Arguments to HostName accept the tokens described in the
             TOKENS section.  Numeric IP addresses are also permitted (both on the command line
             and in HostName specifications).  The default is the name given on the command line.

     IdentitiesOnly
             Specifies that ssh(1) should only use the authentication identity and certificate
             files explicitly configured in the ssh_config files or passed on the ssh(1) command-
             line, even if ssh-agent(1) or a PKCS11Provider offers more identities.  The argument
             to this keyword must be yes or no (the default).  This option is intended for situa-
             tions where ssh-agent offers many different identities.

     IdentityAgent
             Specifies the UNIX-domain socket used to communicate with the authentication agent.

             This option overrides the SSH_AUTH_SOCK environment variable and can be used to
             select a specific agent.  Setting the socket name to none disables the use of an
             authentication agent.  If the string "SSH_AUTH_SOCK" is specified, the location of
             the socket will be read from the SSH_AUTH_SOCK environment variable.

             Arguments to IdentityAgent may use the tilde syntax to refer to a user's home direc-
             tory or the tokens described in the TOKENS section.

     IdentityFile
             Specifies a file from which the user's DSA, ECDSA, Ed25519 or RSA authentication
             identity is read.  The default is ~/.ssh/identity for protocol version 1, and
             ~/.ssh/id_dsa, ~/.ssh/id_ecdsa, ~/.ssh/id_ed25519 and ~/.ssh/id_rsa for protocol
             version 2.  Additionally, any identities represented by the authentication agent
             will be used for authentication unless IdentitiesOnly is set.  If no certificates
             have been explicitly specified by CertificateFile, ssh(1) will try to load certifi-
             cate information from the filename obtained by appending -cert.pub to the path of a
             specified IdentityFile.

             Arguments to IdentityFile may use the tilde syntax to refer to a user's home direc-
             tory or the tokens described in the TOKENS section.

             It is possible to have multiple identity files specified in configuration files; all
             these identities will be tried in sequence.  Multiple IdentityFile directives will
             add to the list of identities tried (this behaviour differs from that of other con-
             figuration directives).

             IdentityFile may be used in conjunction with IdentitiesOnly to select which identi-
             ties in an agent are offered during authentication.  IdentityFile may also be used
             in conjunction with CertificateFile in order to provide any certificate also needed
             for authentication with the identity.

     IgnoreUnknown
             Specifies a pattern-list of unknown options to be ignored if they are encountered in
             configuration parsing.  This may be used to suppress errors if ssh_config contains
             options that are unrecognised by ssh(1).  It is recommended that IgnoreUnknown be
             listed early in the configuration file as it will not be applied to unknown options
             that appear before it.

     Include
             Include the specified configuration file(s).  Multiple pathnames may be specified
             and each pathname may contain glob(3) wildcards and, for user configurations, shell-
             like `~' references to user home directories.  Files without absolute paths are
             assumed to be in ~/.ssh if included in a user configuration file or /etc/ssh if
             included from the system configuration file.  Include directive may appear inside a
             Match or Host block to perform conditional inclusion.

     IPQoS   Specifies the IPv4 type-of-service or DSCP class for connections.  Accepted values
             are af11, af12, af13, af21, af22, af23, af31, af32, af33, af41, af42, af43, cs0,
             cs1, cs2, cs3, cs4, cs5, cs6, cs7, ef, lowdelay, throughput, reliability, or a
             numeric value.  This option may take one or two arguments, separated by whitespace.
             If one argument is specified, it is used as the packet class unconditionally.  If
             two values are specified, the first is automatically selected for interactive ses-
             sions and the second for non-interactive sessions.  The default is lowdelay for
             interactive sessions and throughput for non-interactive sessions.

     KbdInteractiveAuthentication
             Specifies whether to use keyboard-interactive authentication.  The argument to this
             keyword must be yes (the default) or no.

     KbdInteractiveDevices
             Specifies the list of methods to use in keyboard-interactive authentication.  Multi-
             ple method names must be comma-separated.  The default is to use the server speci-
             fied list.  The methods available vary depending on what the server supports.  For
             an OpenSSH server, it may be zero or more of: bsdauth, pam, and skey.

     KexAlgorithms
             Specifies the available KEX (Key Exchange) algorithms.  Multiple algorithms must be
             comma-separated.  Alternately if the specified value begins with a `+' character,
             then the specified methods will be appended to the default set instead of replacing
             them.  The default is:

                   curve25519-sha256,curve25519-sha256 AT libssh.org,
                   ecdh-sha2-nistp256,ecdh-sha2-nistp384,ecdh-sha2-nistp521,
                   diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha256,
                   diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha1,
                   diffie-hellman-group14-sha1,
                   diffie-hellman-group1-sha1

             The list of available key exchange algorithms may also be obtained using "ssh -Q
             kex".

     LocalCommand
             Specifies a command to execute on the local machine after successfully connecting to
             the server.  The command string extends to the end of the line, and is executed with
             the user's shell.  Arguments to LocalCommand accept the tokens described in the
             TOKENS section.

             The command is run synchronously and does not have access to the session of the
             ssh(1) that spawned it.  It should not be used for interactive commands.

             This directive is ignored unless PermitLocalCommand has been enabled.

     LocalForward
             Specifies that a TCP port on the local machine be forwarded over the secure channel
             to the specified host and port from the remote machine.  The first argument must be
             [bind_address:]port and the second argument must be host:hostport.  IPv6 addresses
             can be specified by enclosing addresses in square brackets.  Multiple forwardings
             may be specified, and additional forwardings can be given on the command line.  Only
             the superuser can forward privileged ports.  By default, the local port is bound in
             accordance with the GatewayPorts setting.  However, an explicit bind_address may be
             used to bind the connection to a specific address.  The bind_address of localhost
             indicates that the listening port be bound for local use only, while an empty
             address or `*' indicates that the port should be available from all interfaces.

     LogLevel
             Gives the verbosity level that is used when logging messages from ssh(1).  The pos-
             sible values are: QUIET, FATAL, ERROR, INFO, VERBOSE, DEBUG, DEBUG1, DEBUG2, and
             DEBUG3.  The default is INFO.  DEBUG and DEBUG1 are equivalent.  DEBUG2 and DEBUG3
             each specify higher levels of verbose output.

     MACs    Specifies the MAC (message authentication code) algorithms in order of preference.
             The MAC algorithm is used for data integrity protection.  Multiple algorithms must
             be comma-separated.  If the specified value begins with a `+' character, then the
             specified algorithms will be appended to the default set instead of replacing them.

             The algorithms that contain "-etm" calculate the MAC after encryption (encrypt-then-
             mac).  These are considered safer and their use recommended.

             The default is:

                   umac-64-etm AT openssh.com,umac-128-etm AT openssh.com,
                   hmac-sha2-256-etm AT openssh.com,hmac-sha2-512-etm AT openssh.com,
                   hmac-sha1-etm AT openssh.com,
                   umac-64 AT openssh.com,umac-128 AT openssh.com,
                   hmac-sha2-256,hmac-sha2-512,hmac-sha1

             The list of available MAC algorithms may also be obtained using "ssh -Q mac".

     NoHostAuthenticationForLocalhost
             This option can be used if the home directory is shared across machines.  In this
             case localhost will refer to a different machine on each of the machines and the
             user will get many warnings about changed host keys.  However, this option disables
             host authentication for localhost.  The argument to this keyword must be yes or no.
             (the default).

     NumberOfPasswordPrompts
             Specifies the number of password prompts before giving up.  The argument to this
             keyword must be an integer.  The default is 3.

     PasswordAuthentication
             Specifies whether to use password authentication.  The argument to this keyword must
             be yes (the default) or no.

     PermitLocalCommand
             Allow local command execution via the LocalCommand option or using the !command
             escape sequence in ssh(1).  The argument must be yes or no (the default).

     PKCS11Provider
             Specifies which PKCS#11 provider to use.  The argument to this keyword is the
             PKCS#11 shared library ssh(1) should use to communicate with a PKCS#11 token provid-
             ing the user's private RSA key.

     Port    Specifies the port number to connect on the remote host.  The default is 22.

     PreferredAuthentications
             Specifies the order in which the client should try authentication methods.  This
             allows a client to prefer one method (e.g. keyboard-interactive) over another method
             (e.g. password).  The default is:

                   gssapi-with-mic,hostbased,publickey,
                   keyboard-interactive,password

     Protocol
             Specifies the protocol versions ssh(1) should support in order of preference.  The
             possible values are 1 and 2.  Multiple versions must be comma-separated.  When this
             option is set to 2,1 ssh will try version 2 and fall back to version 1 if version 2
             is not available.  The default is version 2.  Protocol 1 suffers from a number of
             cryptographic weaknesses and should not be used.  It is only offered to support
             legacy devices.

     ProxyCommand
             Specifies the command to use to connect to the server.  The command string extends
             to the end of the line, and is executed using the user's shell `exec' directive to
             avoid a lingering shell process.

             Arguments to ProxyCommand accept the tokens described in the TOKENS section.  The
             command can be basically anything, and should read from its standard input and write
             to its standard output.  It should eventually connect an sshd(8) server running on
             some machine, or execute sshd -i somewhere.  Host key management will be done using
             the HostName of the host being connected (defaulting to the name typed by the user).
             Setting the command to none disables this option entirely.  Note that CheckHostIP is
             not available for connects with a proxy command.

             This directive is useful in conjunction with nc(1) and its proxy support.  For exam-
             ple, the following directive would connect via an HTTP proxy at 192.0.2.0:

                ProxyCommand /usr/bin/nc -X connect -x 192.0.2.0:8080 %h %p

     ProxyJump
             Specifies one or more jump proxies as [user@]host[:port].  Multiple proxies may be
             separated by comma characters and will be visited sequentially.  Setting this option
             will cause ssh(1) to connect to the target host by first making a ssh(1) connection
             to the specified ProxyJump host and then establishing a TCP forwarding to the ulti-
             mate target from there.

             Note that this option will compete with the ProxyCommand option - whichever is spec-
             ified first will prevent later instances of the other from taking effect.

     ProxyUseFdpass
             Specifies that ProxyCommand will pass a connected file descriptor back to ssh(1)
             instead of continuing to execute and pass data.  The default is no.

     PubkeyAcceptedKeyTypes
             Specifies the key types that will be used for public key authentication as a comma-
             separated pattern list.  Alternately if the specified value begins with a `+' char-
             acter, then the key types after it will be appended to the default instead of
             replacing it.  The default for this option is:

                ecdsa-sha2-nistp256-cert-v01 AT openssh.com,
                ecdsa-sha2-nistp384-cert-v01 AT openssh.com,
                ecdsa-sha2-nistp521-cert-v01 AT openssh.com,
                ssh-ed25519-cert-v01 AT openssh.com,
                ssh-rsa-cert-v01 AT openssh.com,
                ssh-dss-cert-v01 AT openssh.com,
                ecdsa-sha2-nistp256,ecdsa-sha2-nistp384,ecdsa-sha2-nistp521,
                ssh-ed25519,ssh-rsa,ssh-dsa

             The list of available key types may also be obtained using "ssh -Q key".

     PubkeyAuthentication
             Specifies whether to try public key authentication.  The argument to this keyword
             must be yes (the default) or no.

     RekeyLimit
             Specifies the maximum amount of data that may be transmitted before the session key
             is renegotiated, optionally followed a maximum amount of time that may pass before
             the session key is renegotiated.  The first argument is specified in bytes and may
             have a suffix of `K', `M', or `G' to indicate Kilobytes, Megabytes, or Gigabytes,
             respectively.  The default is between `1G' and `4G', depending on the cipher.  The
             optional second value is specified in seconds and may use any of the units docu-
             mented in the TIME FORMATS section of sshd_config(5).  The default value for
             RekeyLimit is default none, which means that rekeying is performed after the
             cipher's default amount of data has been sent or received and no time based rekeying
             is done.

     RemoteForward
             Specifies that a TCP port on the remote machine be forwarded over the secure channel
             to the specified host and port from the local machine.  The first argument must be
             [bind_address:]port and the second argument must be host:hostport.  IPv6 addresses
             can be specified by enclosing addresses in square brackets.  Multiple forwardings
             may be specified, and additional forwardings can be given on the command line.
             Privileged ports can be forwarded only when logging in as root on the remote
             machine.

             If the port argument is 0, the listen port will be dynamically allocated on the
             server and reported to the client at run time.

             If the bind_address is not specified, the default is to only bind to loopback
             addresses.  If the bind_address is `*' or an empty string, then the forwarding is
             requested to listen on all interfaces.  Specifying a remote bind_address will only
             succeed if the server's GatewayPorts option is enabled (see sshd_config(5)).

     RequestTTY
             Specifies whether to request a pseudo-tty for the session.  The argument may be one
             of: no (never request a TTY), yes (always request a TTY when standard input is a
             TTY), force (always request a TTY) or auto (request a TTY when opening a login ses-
             sion).  This option mirrors the -t and -T flags for ssh(1).

     RevokedHostKeys
             Specifies revoked host public keys.  Keys listed in this file will be refused for
             host authentication.  Note that if this file does not exist or is not readable, then
             host authentication will be refused for all hosts.  Keys may be specified as a text
             file, listing one public key per line, or as an OpenSSH Key Revocation List (KRL) as
             generated by ssh-keygen(1).  For more information on KRLs, see the KEY REVOCATION
             LISTS section in ssh-keygen(1).

     RhostsRSAAuthentication
             Specifies whether to try rhosts based authentication with RSA host authentication.
             The argument must be yes or no (the default).  This option applies to protocol ver-
             sion 1 only and requires ssh(1) to be setuid root.

     RSAAuthentication
             Specifies whether to try RSA authentication.  The argument to this keyword must be
             yes (the default) or no.  RSA authentication will only be attempted if the identity
             file exists, or an authentication agent is running.  Note that this option applies
             to protocol version 1 only.

     SendEnv
             Specifies what variables from the local environ(7) should be sent to the server.
             The server must also support it, and the server must be configured to accept these
             environment variables.  Note that the TERM environment variable is always sent when-
             ever a pseudo-terminal is requested as it is required by the protocol.  Refer to
             AcceptEnv in sshd_config(5) for how to configure the server.  Variables are speci-
             fied by name, which may contain wildcard characters.  Multiple environment variables
             may be separated by whitespace or spread across multiple SendEnv directives.  The
             default is not to send any environment variables.

             See PATTERNS for more information on patterns.

     ServerAliveCountMax
             Sets the number of server alive messages (see below) which may be sent without
             ssh(1) receiving any messages back from the server.  If this threshold is reached
             while server alive messages are being sent, ssh will disconnect from the server,
             terminating the session.  It is important to note that the use of server alive mes-
             sages is very different from TCPKeepAlive (below).  The server alive messages are
             sent through the encrypted channel and therefore will not be spoofable.  The TCP
             keepalive option enabled by TCPKeepAlive is spoofable.  The server alive mechanism
             is valuable when the client or server depend on knowing when a connection has become
             inactive.

             The default value is 3.  If, for example, ServerAliveInterval (see below) is set to
             15 and ServerAliveCountMax is left at the default, if the server becomes unrespon-
             sive, ssh will disconnect after approximately 45 seconds.

     ServerAliveInterval
             Sets a timeout interval in seconds after which if no data has been received from the
             server, ssh(1) will send a message through the encrypted channel to request a
             response from the server.  The default is 0, indicating that these messages will not
             be sent to the server.

     StreamLocalBindMask
             Sets the octal file creation mode mask (umask) used when creating a Unix-domain
             socket file for local or remote port forwarding.  This option is only used for port
             forwarding to a Unix-domain socket file.

             The default value is 0177, which creates a Unix-domain socket file that is readable
             and writable only by the owner.  Note that not all operating systems honor the file
             mode on Unix-domain socket files.

     StreamLocalBindUnlink
             Specifies whether to remove an existing Unix-domain socket file for local or remote
             port forwarding before creating a new one.  If the socket file already exists and
             StreamLocalBindUnlink is not enabled, ssh will be unable to forward the port to the
             Unix-domain socket file.  This option is only used for port forwarding to a Unix-
             domain socket file.

             The argument must be yes or no (the default).

     StrictHostKeyChecking
             If this flag is set to yes, ssh(1) will never automatically add host keys to the
             ~/.ssh/known_hosts file, and refuses to connect to hosts whose host key has changed.
             This provides maximum protection against trojan horse attacks, though it can be
             annoying when the /etc/ssh/ssh_known_hosts file is poorly maintained or when connec-
             tions to new hosts are frequently made.  This option forces the user to manually add
             all new hosts.  If this flag is set to no, ssh will automatically add new host keys
             to the user known hosts files.  If this flag is set to ask (the default), new host
             keys will be added to the user known host files only after the user has confirmed
             that is what they really want to do, and ssh will refuse to connect to hosts whose
             host key has changed.  The host keys of known hosts will be verified automatically
             in all cases.

     TCPKeepAlive
             Specifies whether the system should send TCP keepalive messages to the other side.
             If they are sent, death of the connection or crash of one of the machines will be
             properly noticed.  However, this means that connections will die if the route is
             down temporarily, and some people find it annoying.

             The default is yes (to send TCP keepalive messages), and the client will notice if
             the network goes down or the remote host dies.  This is important in scripts, and
             many users want it too.

             To disable TCP keepalive messages, the value should be set to no.

     Tunnel  Request tun(4) device forwarding between the client and the server.  The argument
             must be yes, point-to-point (layer 3), ethernet (layer 2), or no (the default).
             Specifying yes requests the default tunnel mode, which is point-to-point.

     TunnelDevice
             Specifies the tun(4) devices to open on the client (local_tun) and the server
             (remote_tun).

             The argument must be local_tun[:remote_tun].  The devices may be specified by numer-
             ical ID or the keyword any, which uses the next available tunnel device.  If
             remote_tun is not specified, it defaults to any.  The default is any:any.

     UpdateHostKeys
             Specifies whether ssh(1) should accept notifications of additional hostkeys from the
             server sent after authentication has completed and add them to UserKnownHostsFile.
             The argument must be yes, no (the default) or ask.  Enabling this option allows
             learning alternate hostkeys for a server and supports graceful key rotation by
             allowing a server to send replacement public keys before old ones are removed.
             Additional hostkeys are only accepted if the key used to authenticate the host was
             already trusted or explicitly accepted by the user.  If UpdateHostKeys is set to
             ask, then the user is asked to confirm the modifications to the known_hosts file.
             Confirmation is currently incompatible with ControlPersist, and will be disabled if
             it is enabled.

             Presently, only sshd(8) from OpenSSH 6.8 and greater support the
             "hostkeys AT openssh.com" protocol extension used to inform the client of all the
             server's hostkeys.

     UsePrivilegedPort
             Specifies whether to use a privileged port for outgoing connections.  The argument
             must be yes or no (the default).  If set to yes, ssh(1) must be setuid root.  Note
             that this option must be set to yes for RhostsRSAAuthentication with older servers.

     User    Specifies the user to log in as.  This can be useful when a different user name is
             used on different machines.  This saves the trouble of having to remember to give
             the user name on the command line.

     UserKnownHostsFile
             Specifies one or more files to use for the user host key database, separated by
             whitespace.  The default is ~/.ssh/known_hosts, ~/.ssh/known_hosts2.

     VerifyHostKeyDNS
             Specifies whether to verify the remote key using DNS and SSHFP resource records.  If
             this option is set to yes, the client will implicitly trust keys that match a secure
             fingerprint from DNS.  Insecure fingerprints will be handled as if this option was
             set to ask.  If this option is set to ask, information on fingerprint match will be
             displayed, but the user will still need to confirm new host keys according to the
             StrictHostKeyChecking option.  The default is no.

             See also VERIFYING HOST KEYS in ssh(1).

     VisualHostKey
             If this flag is set to yes, an ASCII art representation of the remote host key fin-
             gerprint is printed in addition to the fingerprint string at login and for unknown
             host keys.  If this flag is set to no (the default), no fingerprint strings are
             printed at login and only the fingerprint string will be printed for unknown host
             keys.

     XAuthLocation
             Specifies the full pathname of the xauth(1) program.  The default is /usr/bin/xauth.

PATTERNS
     A pattern consists of zero or more non-whitespace characters, `*' (a wildcard that matches
     zero or more characters), or `?' (a wildcard that matches exactly one character).  For exam-
     ple, to specify a set of declarations for any host in the ".co.uk" set of domains, the fol-
     lowing pattern could be used:

           Host *.co.uk

     The following pattern would match any host in the 192.168.0.[0-9] network range:

           Host 192.168.0.?

     A pattern-list is a comma-separated list of patterns.  Patterns within pattern-lists may be
     negated by preceding them with an exclamation mark (`!').  For example, to allow a key to be
     used from anywhere within an organization except from the "dialup" pool, the following entry
     (in authorized_keys) could be used:

           from="!*.dialup.example.com,*.example.com"

TOKENS
     Arguments to some keywords can make use of tokens, which are expanded at runtime:

           %%    A literal `%'.
           %C    Shorthand for %l%h%p%r.
           %d    Local user's home directory.
           %h    The remote hostname.
           %i    The local user ID.
           %L    The local hostname.
           %l    The local hostname, including the domain name.
           %n    The original remote hostname, as given on the command line.
           %p    The remote port.
           %r    The remote username.
           %u    The local username.

     Match exec accepts the tokens %%, %h, %L, %l, %n, %p, %r, and %u.

     CertificateFile accepts the tokens %%, %d, %h, %l, %r, and %u.

     ControlPath accepts the tokens %%, %C, %h, %i, %L, %l, %n, %p, %r, and %u.

     HostName accepts the tokens %% and %h.

     IdentityAgent and IdentityFile accept the tokens %%, %d, %h, %l, %r, and %u.

     LocalCommand accepts the tokens %%, %C, %d, %h, %l, %n, %p, %r, and %u.

     ProxyCommand accepts the tokens %%, %h, %p, and %r.

FILES
     ~/.ssh/config
             This is the per-user configuration file.  The format of this file is described
             above.  This file is used by the SSH client.  Because of the potential for abuse,
             this file must have strict permissions: read/write for the user, and not accessible
             by others.

     /etc/ssh/ssh_config
             Systemwide configuration file.  This file provides defaults for those values that
             are not specified in the user's configuration file, and for those users who do not
             have a configuration file.  This file must be world-readable.

SEE ALSO
     ssh(1)

AUTHORS
     OpenSSH is a derivative of the original and free ssh 1.2.12 release by Tatu Ylonen.  Aaron
     Campbell, Bob Beck, Markus Friedl, Niels Provos, Theo de Raadt and Dug Song removed many
     bugs, re-added newer features and created OpenSSH.  Markus Friedl contributed the support
     for SSH protocol versions 1.5 and 2.0.

BSD                                     February 23, 2018                                     BSD

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